Basic technical mechanical drawing notes and tutorial



Basic technical mechanical drawing notes and tutorial


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Basic technical mechanical drawing notes and tutorial


Basic technical mechanical drawing notes and tutorial


Engineering Communication

         The “language of industry” is drafting. Drafting is the representation of an engineer’s ideas on paper. The drawings are often referred to as line drawings. These drawings allow the engineer to show his ideas to others and provide the necessary information for others to bring the design to life when fabricating the product. There are different types of drawings that are used in industry such as isometric, orthographic, and perspective. These drawings also produce more specialized drawings such as sectional views, exploded view drawings, cutaway drawings, and assembly drawings.

         Drawings are created with lines some are darker, some are lighter some are evenly spaced dashes, some have  long and short dashes, some have arrows, some show sizes or dimensions, and some do not show up on the final drawings. These lines are referred to as the alphabet of lines.

         A scale drawing is on one that is larger or smaller than an object by a fixed ratio. When objects are are drawn that are much larger than a sheet of drafting paper or computer screen o too small to show up the human eye without being made larger we use scale drawings. Scales are designed enlarger or shrink objects to make the drawings easy to deal with so a drawing that is ¼th scale it would be one-fourth of it size, in other words 40 feet would 10 inches on the drawing since ¼  of one inch equal 1 foot. A 4:1 scale would mean that every inch would be equal to four feet.



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Basic technical mechanical drawing notes and tutorial

Assignment 4

Orthographic and Isometric Drawings

  1. Sketch what the block in the drawing below would look like if the eye could only see:
    • Front of the block - eye looking directly at the front, as labeled
    • Top of the block - eye looking down on the block
    • Right side of the block - eye looking towards right end of the block

mechanical drawing

You have drawn in the visible lines, called object lines, which outline the shape of the object. NOW, are there any surfaces that the eye cannot see? If so, include them as hidden lines (a series of dashes) in the appropriate view, front, top or right side.

Your views must be laid out as shown on pages 12-13 of the unit. Label each view (FRONT, TOP, RIGHT).

Sketch an isometric drawing of a solid block of wood that is 30 centimeters long, by 15 centimeters wide, by 5 centimeters thick.

NOTE: Make sketches large enough for easy viewing. Print name, class and date in lower right-hand corner of work.

Assignment 5

Elements of Drawing

  1. Select an area which is of interest to you and create/draw a picture/drawing of a scene from that area of interest; for examples, a nature scene you enjoy, a photograph or picture you like, a crest or an emblem, etc. NOTE:
    • Use an 81/2 by 11 sheet of blank paper and include as many elements and principles of design that you possibly can.
    • Identify and label (with an arrow) each of the elements and/or principles you have incorporated into your work.
    • Print the title you have named your work, your name, class and date in the lower right-hand corner of your worksheet.

Here are some elements you can include:

  • Lines (different types)
  • Shapes and shadow/hatching
  • Proportion
  • Scale
  • Perspective



What is Computer Aided Drafting (CAD)?


technical mechanical drawingComputer Aided Drafting (referred to as CAD) is using a computer and software to draw and design objects.  A CAD system can be used to:

  • draw and design parts for machines (mechanical drawing),
  • design houses and structures (architectural drawing),
  • design roads, highways and bridges (civil drawing),
  • draw and design electronic circuits (schematic drawing),
  • do two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D) models.



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Orthographic Drawings

Representing 3-Dimensional Objects




Orthographic drawings show three different perspectives, or views, of an object: the front, side and top views (see side diagram).  Each view accurately represents the size and shape of the object.  Orthographic drawings are two-dimensional, and always drawn to scale, so that the drawing perfectly represents the object.  The three-dimensional shape is called the isometric view; here, it would be a picture of a rectangular prism.


mechanical drawing tutorial

1) Drawing the Orthographic View


Orthographic drawings follow a set procedure:

mechanical drawing tutorialTop View—drawn in top, left-hand corner

Front View—drawn in bottom, left-hand corner

Side View—drawn in bottom, right-hand corner


It is easiest to begin with the front view; once


Isometric View                   Orthographic View

 that view is finished, the top and side views can

be drawn as extensions of the front view.                 


2) Choosing an Appropriate Scale


  1. How does ‘scale’ effect the nature of the orthographic drawing? 


  1. If using a standard 8½” x 11” piece of paper, what might be an appropriate scale for drawing the orthographic view of each of the following?  Be sure to include units.
    1. the CPU of a computer
    2. a “rubrics cube”
    3. a bolt used to put a desk chair together
    4. your school


  1. What will the width, height and depth be for the following objects, given the following scale?  Note: you may need to change the units to make the measurements appropriate.







A cube with, sides of 120 cm.







mechanical drawing tutorial





r = 2mm; h = 8 mm







A square based pyramid (1 km2); height of 0.8km


1:10 000




3) Steps to drawing the Orthographic View:


  1. Tape down an 8½” x 11” piece of white paper, to avoid it slipping.  Be sure to use a sharp pencil, and rotate the pencil in your fingers while drawing to obtain a consistent line.
  2. Decide on a scale and a point of reference. Choose a point of reference on your isometric view such as the bottom left corner of the front view, so that all views are aligned properly.
  3. Record all actual measurements of width, height, and depth on the isometric view.
  4. Draw all three views (see diagram above for lay-out).
  5. Label the front, top, and side views as well as all dimensions.
  6. Remember to include a title and scale of all dimensions to the actual object on the finished drawing.


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The “Alphabet of lines” refer to the types of lines used in drawing


Topics :


2 dimensional drawing
3 dimensional drawing
Alphabet of lines
Assembly drawing
Center line
Construction line
Cutaway drawing
Dimension line
Exploded View drawing
Extension line
Hidden line
Isometric drawing
Orthographic drawing
Perspective drawing
Sectional View drawing
Sectional View drawing
Visible line


Basic technical mechanical drawing notes and tutorial

Three Dimensional Illustrations using Isometric and Oblique Projection


Isometric Projection

Figure 1 shows three views of a cube in orthographic projection; the phantom line indicates the original position of the cube, and the full line indicates the position after rotation about the diagonal AB. The cube has been rotated so that the angle of 45 ° between side AC1 and diagonal AB now appears to be 30° in the front elevation, C1 having been rotated to position C. It can clearly be seen in the end view that to obtain this result the angle of rotation is greater than 30°. Also, note that, although DF in the front elevation appears to be vertical, a cross check with the end elevation will confirm that the line slopes, and that point F lies to the rear of point D. However, the front elevation now shows a three dimensional view, and when taken in isolation it is known as an isometric projection.

basic technical mechanical drawing tutorial

Figure 1 - Cube in Orthographic Projection


This type of view is commonly used in pictorial presentations, for example in car and motor-cycle service manuals and model kits, where an assembly has been 'exploded' to indicate the correct order and position of the component parts. It will be noted that, in the isometric cube, line AC1 is drawn as line AC, and the length of the line is reduced.

Figure 2 shows an isometric scale, which in principle is obtained from lines at 45° and 30° to a horizontal axis. The 45° line XY is calibrated in millimetres commencing from point X, and the dimensions are projected vertically on to the line XZ. By similar triangles, all dimensions are reduced by the same amount, and isometric lengths can be measured from point X when required. The reduction in length is in the ratio

isometric length   =     cos 45°    =      0.7071
true length            cos 30°            0.8660

=   0.8165

basic technical mechanical drawing tutorial

Figure 2 - Isometric Scale

Now, to reduce the length of each line by the use of an isometric scale is an interesting academic exercise, but commercially an isometric projection would be drawn using the true dimensions and would then be enlarged or reduced to the size required.


Note that, in the isometric projection, lines AE and DB are equal in length to line AD; hence an equal reduction in length takes place along the apparent vertical and the two axes at 30° to the horizontal. Note also that the length of the diagonal AB does not change from orthographic to isometric, but that of diagonal C1D1 clearly does. When setting out an isometric projection, therefore, measurements must be made only along the isometric axes EF, DF, and GF.


Figure 3 shows a wedge, which has been produced from a solid cylinder, and dimensions A, E,and C indicate typical measurements to be taken along the principal axes when setting out the isometric projection. Any curve can be produced by plotting a succession of points in space after taking ordinates from the X, Y, and Z axes.



basic technical mechanical drawing tutorial

Figure 3 - Construction Principles for Points in Space, with Complete Solution

Figure 4(a) shows a cross-section through an extruded alloy bar: the views (b), (c), and (d) give alternative isometric presentations drawn in the three principal planes of projection. In every case, the lengths of ordinates OP, OQ, P1, and Q2, etc. are the same, but are positioned either vertically or inclined at 30° to the horizontal.

basic technical mechanical drawing tutorial

Figure 4 - Views (b), (c) and (d) are Isometric Projections of the Section in View (a)


Figure 5 shows an approximate method for the construction of isometric circles in each of the three major planes. Note the position of the points of intersection of radii RA and RB.

basic technical mechanical drawing tutorial

Figure 5 - Construction of Isometric Circles

The construction shown in Figure 5 can be used partly for producing corner radii. Figure 6 shows a small block with radiused corners together with isometric projection, which emphasises the construction to find the centres for the corner radii; this should be the first part of the drawing to be attempted. The thickness of the block is obtained from projecting back these radii a distance equal to the block thickness and at 30°. Line in those parts of the corners visible behind the front face, and complete the pictorial view by adding the connecting straight lines for the outside of the profile.


basic technical mechanical drawing tutorial

Figure 6 - Isometric Constructions for Corner Radii

In the approximate construction shown, a small inaccuracy occurs along the major axis of the ellipse, and Figure 7 shows the extent of the error in conjunction with a plotted circle. In the vast majority of applications where complete but small circles are used, for example spindles, pins, parts of nuts, bolts, and fixing holes, this error is of little importance and can be neglected.


Orthographic Projection:


            Figure 19: Orthographic Projection Shows Three Basic Views.


                             Orthographic Projection          

            Isometric Drawing:


            Isometric drawing is a form of pictorial drawing based on lines at 30  

            degrees from the horizontal. Vertical lines are drawn with the aid of

            the right angle of a set square, lines at 30 degrees are drawn with the

            aid of a 30,60 set square.


            When constructing an isometric drawing, all measurements must be

            made along the isometric axes – either the vertical lines or along the

Orthographic Projection            30 degree line.    


                  Figure 20: Isometric Drawing of a                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

                                     Rectangular Prism. 





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Basic technical mechanical drawing notes and tutorial



Drafting is a highly refined form of drawing used to communicate ideas to engineers, architects, and craftspeople. In earning this badge, Scouts learn the importance of accuracy and simplicity in developing a drawing that shows precise details in a simple format.


  1. Format TWO sheets of drawing paper with proper borders and title blocks—one for your manual project (see requirement 2) and one for your lettering project (see requirement 5).
    1. Make a rough sketch for each of your project drawings to determine the correct size of paper to format.
    2. Using either single-stroke vertical or slant Gothic lettering, fill in all important information in the title block sections of the formatted paper.
  2. Using the formatted sheet of paper you prepared for your manual project, produce a pencil drawing as it would be used for manufacturing. Fill in all title block information. The manual drawing may be any one of the following drawing types:
    1. Architectural: Make a scale drawing of an architectural project. The architectural drawing may be a floor plan; electrical, plumbing, or mechanical service plan; elevation plan; or landscaping plan. Use an architect's scale and show dimensions to communicate the actual size of features. Include any important notes and considerations necessary for construction.
    2. Mechanical: Make a scale drawing of some mechanical device or interesting object. The mechanical drawing may be of the orthographic or isometric style. Use an engineer's scale and show dimensions to communicate the actual size of features. Include any important notes and manufacturing considerations.
    3. Electrical: Draw a simple schematic of a radio or electronic circuit. Properly print a bill of materials including all of the major electrical components used in the circuit. Use standard drawing symbols to represent the electronic components.
  3. Produce a computer-aided design (CAD) drawing as it would be used in manufacturing. Fill in all title block information. The CAD drawing may be any one of the following types:
    1. Architectural: Make a scale drawing of an architectural project. The architectural drawing may be a floor plan; electrical, plumbing, or mechanical service plan; elevation plan; or landscaping plan. Use an architect's scale and show dimensions to communicate the actual size of features. Include any important notes and considerations necessary for construction. 
    2. Mechanical: Make a scale drawing of some mechanical device or interesting object. The mechanical drawing may be of the orthographic or isometric style. Use an engineer's scale and show dimensions to communicate the actual size of features. Include any important notes and manufacturing considerations.
    3. Electrical: Draw a simple schematic of a radio or electronic circuit. Properly print a bill of materials, including all of the major electrical components used in the circuit. Use standard drawing symbols to represent the electronic components.
  4. Discuss with your counselor how fulfilling requirements 2 and 3 differed from each other. Tell about the benefits derived from using CAD for requirement 3. Include in your discussion the software you used as well as other software options that are available.
  5. Using single-stroke slant or vertical Gothic lettering (without the aid of a template or lettering guide), write a brief explanation of what you consider to be the most important benefit of using CAD in a particular industry (aerospace, electronics, manufacturing, architectural, or other). Use the experience gained in fulfilling requirements 2, 3, and 4 to support your opinion. Use the formatted sheet of paper you prepared in requirement 1 for your lettering project.
  6. Do ONE of the following (a or b):
    1. Visit a facility or industry workplace where drafting is part of the business. Ask to see an example of the work that is done there, the different drafting facilities, and the tools used.
      1. Find out how much of the drafting done there is manual and how much is done using CAD. If CAD is used, find out what software is used and how and why it was chosen.
      2. Ask about the drafting services provided. Ask who uses the designs produced in the drafting area and how those designs are used. Discuss how the professionalswho perform drafting cooperate with other individuals in the drafting area and other areas of the business.
      3. Ask how important the role of drafting is to producing the end product or service that this business supplies. Find out how drafting contributes to the company's end product or service.
    2. Using resources you find on your own such as at the library and on the Internet (with your parent's permission), learn more about the drafting trade and discuss the following with your counselor:
      1. The drafting tools used in the past—why and how they were used. Explain which tools are still used today and how their use has changed with the advent of new tools. Discuss which tools are being made obsolete by newer tools in the industry.
      2. Tell what media types were used in the past and how drawings were used, stored, and reproduced. Tell how the advent of CAD has changed the media used, and discuss how these changes affect the storage or reproduction of drawings.
      3. Discuss whether the types of media have changed such that there are new uses for the drawings, or other outputs, produced by designers. Briefly discuss how new media types are used in the industry today.
  7. Find out about three career opportunities in drafting. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession.  Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.


  • Bethune, James E. Essentials of Drafting. Prentice-Hall, 1987.
  • Bethune, James E. Drafting with Computers. Prentice-Hall, 1989.
  • Bethune, James E. Modern Drafting: An Introduction to CAD. Prentice-Hall, 1989.
  • Bethune, James E. Modern Electronic and Electrical Drafting with Computers. Prentice-Hall, 1989.
  • Earle, James H. Drafting Fundamentals. Creative Texas, 1988.
  • Earle, James H. Drafting Fundamentals 2. Creative Texas, 1989.
  • Feirer, John L., and John R. Linbeck. Basic Drafting. Bennet, 1978.
  • Giachino, J. W., and H. J. Beukema. Engineering Technical Drafting, 4th edition. Books Demand, 1977.
  • Ramsey, Charles G., and Harold R. Sleeper. Architectural Graphic Standards, 7th edition. Wiley, 1989.
  • Liebing, Ralph W. Architectural Working Drawings, 3d edition. Wiley, 1990.
  • Wakita, Osamu A., and Richard M. Linde. Architectural Detailing. Wiley, 1978.


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Definitions and meaning of enginnering design terms


abet abet_meaning_and_definition.html
abrading abrading_meaning_and_definition.html
abutment abutment_meaning_and_definition.html
acceleration acceleration_meaning_and_definition.html
acceptance level acceptance_level_meaning_and_definition.html
accumulator accumulator_meaning_and_definition.html
accuracy accuracy_meaning_and_definition.html
acoustical acoustical_meaning_and_definition.html
actuator actuator_meaning_and_definition.html
acute triangle acute_triangle_meaning_and_definition.html
adhesion adhesion_meaning_and_definition.html
aesthetics aesthetics_meaning_and_definition.html
allowable stress allowable_stress_meaning_and_definition.html
alloy alloy_meaning_and_definition.html
alternator alternator_meaning_and_definition.html
analysis analysis_meaning_and_definition.html
analog analog_meaning_and_definition.html
angle angle_meaning_and_definition.html
annealing annealing_meaning_and_definition.html
annotated sketch annotated_sketch_meaning_and_definition.html
area area_meaning_and_definition.html
arch bridge arch_bridge_meaning_and_definition.html
assembly assembly_meaning_and_definition.html
assessment assessment_meaning_and_definition.html
astm astm_meaning_and_definition.html
attribute listing attribute_listing_meaning_and_definition.html
austenite austenite_meaning_and_definition.html
automation automation_meaning_and_definition.html
axial force axial_force_meaning_and_definition.html
axis axis_meaning_and_definition.html
bar chart bar_chart_meaning_and_definition.html
beam bridge beam_bridge_meaning_and_definition.html
bearings bearings_meaning_and_definition.html
belt belt_meaning_and_definition.html
benchmark benchmark_meaning_and_definition.html
bernoulli’s law bernoulli_s_law_meaning_and_definition.html
blow molding blow_molding_meaning_and_definition.html
bonding bonding_meaning_and_definition.html
boyle’s law boyle_s_law_meaning_and_definition.html
brainstorming brainstorming_meaning_and_definition.html
brazing brazing_meaning_and_definition.html
british thermal unit (btu) british_thermal_unit_btu_meaning_and_definition.html
brittleness brittleness_meaning_and_definition.html
broaching broaching_meaning_and_definition.html
bronze age bronze_age_meaning_and_definition.html
buckling buckling_meaning_and_definition.html
cad cad_meaning_and_definition.html
cadmium sulfide cell cadmium_sulfide_cell_meaning_and_definition.html
cam cam_meaning_and_definition.html
cp cp_meaning_and_definition.html
cable-stayed bridge cable_stayed_bridge_meaning_and_definition.html
calendaring calendaring_meaning_and_definition.html
caliper caliper_meaning_and_definition.html
calorie calorie_meaning_and_definition.html
cam cam_meaning_and_definition.html
cam cycle cam_cycle_meaning_and_definition.html
carbide carbide_meaning_and_definition.html
carbon carbon_meaning_and_definition.html
carburizing carburizing_meaning_and_definition.html
cartesian coordinate system cartesian_coordinate_system_meaning_and_definition.html
case hardening case_hardening_meaning_and_definition.html
case study case_study_meaning_and_definition.html
casting casting_meaning_and_definition.html
catapult catapult_meaning_and_definition.html
cell cell_meaning_and_definition.html
center of gravity center_of_gravity_meaning_and_definition.html
center of mass center_of_mass_meaning_and_definition.html
centi centi_meaning_and_definition.html
centroid centroid_meaning_and_definition.html
cementite cementite_meaning_and_definition.html
center line center_line_meaning_and_definition.html
ceramic ceramic_meaning_and_definition.html
chain chain_meaning_and_definition.html
chamfer chamfer_meaning_and_definition.html
charles’ law charles__law_meaning_and_definition.html
chart chart_meaning_and_definition.html
chemical chemical_meaning_and_definition.html
chemical energy chemical_energy_meaning_and_definition.html
chronological chronological_meaning_and_definition.html
circle circle_meaning_and_definition.html
circumscribe circumscribe_meaning_and_definition.html
class of fit class_of_fit_meaning_and_definition.html
client client_meaning_and_definition.html
closed loop closed_loop_meaning_and_definition.html
cohesion cohesion_meaning_and_definition.html
cold forming cold_forming_meaning_and_definition.html
communication communication_meaning_and_definition.html
component component_meaning_and_definition.html
component relational sketch component_relational_sketch_meaning_and_definition.html
composite composite_meaning_and_definition.html
compound compound_meaning_and_definition.html
compression compression_meaning_and_definition.html
compressor compressor_meaning_and_definition.html
computer aided drafting (cad) computer_aided_drafting_cad_meaning_and_definition.html
computer numeric control (cnc) computer_numeric_control_cnc_meaning_and_definition.html
concurrent concurrent_meaning_and_definition.html
conditioning conditioning_meaning_and_definition.html
conduction conduction_meaning_and_definition.html
conflict of interest conflict_of_interest_meaning_and_definition.html
contour contour_meaning_and_definition.html
constraints constraints_meaning_and_definition.html
construction line construction_line_meaning_and_definition.html
contribution contribution_meaning_and_definition.html
control limits control_limits_meaning_and_definition.html
convection convection_meaning_and_definition.html
conveyer conveyer_meaning_and_definition.html
coplanar coplanar_meaning_and_definition.html
counter bore counter_bore_meaning_and_definition.html
countersink countersink_meaning_and_definition.html
coupling coupling_meaning_and_definition.html
crankshaft crankshaft_meaning_and_definition.html
creep creep_meaning_and_definition.html
critical component critical_component_meaning_and_definition.html
critical temperature (points) critical_temperature_points_meaning_and_definition.html
crystalline crystalline_meaning_and_definition.html
current current_meaning_and_definition.html
cylinder cylinder_meaning_and_definition.html
data data_meaning_and_definition.html
data base data_base_meaning_and_definition.html
deflection deflection_meaning_and_definition.html
deformation deformation_meaning_and_definition.html
delphi technique delphi_technique_meaning_and_definition.html
delta delta_meaning_and_definition.html
density density_meaning_and_definition.html
depth depth_meaning_and_definition.html
design design_meaning_and_definition.html
design brief design_brief_meaning_and_definition.html
design constraints design_constraints_meaning_and_definition.html
design process design_process_meaning_and_definition.html
designer designer_meaning_and_definition.html
desktop publishing desktop_publishing_meaning_and_definition.html
destructive testing destructive_testing_meaning_and_definition.html
detail detail_meaning_and_definition.html
deviation deviation_meaning_and_definition.html
diagonal diagonal_meaning_and_definition.html
dial indicator dial_indicator_meaning_and_definition.html
diameter diameter_meaning_and_definition.html
diaphragm diaphragm_meaning_and_definition.html
digital digital_meaning_and_definition.html
dilemma dilemma_meaning_and_definition.html
dimension line dimension_line_meaning_and_definition.html
dimension dimension_meaning_and_definition.html
dimensioning dimensioning_meaning_and_definition.html
dimensional dimensional_meaning_and_definition.html
discipline discipline_meaning_and_definition.html
displacement diagram displacement_diagram_meaning_and_definition.html
displacement displacement_meaning_and_definition.html
documentation documentation_meaning_and_definition.html
drilling drilling_meaning_and_definition.html
ductility ductility_meaning_and_definition.html
dwell dwell_meaning_and_definition.html
dynamics dynamics_meaning_and_definition.html
eccentric eccentric_meaning_and_definition.html
edge edge_meaning_and_definition.html
elastomers elastomers_meaning_and_definition.html
electron discharge machining (edm) electron_discharge_machining_edm_meaning_and_definition.html
elastic modulus (young’s modulus or the modulus of elasticity) elastic_modulus_young_s_modulus_or_the_modulus_of_elasticity_meaning_and_definition.html
elastic potential energy elastic_potential_energy_meaning_and_definition.html
electromagnet electromagnet_meaning_and_definition.html
electromagnetic energy electromagnetic_energy_meaning_and_definition.html
elastomer elastomer_meaning_and_definition.html
electrical electrical_meaning_and_definition.html
electrode electrode_meaning_and_definition.html
electronic electronic_meaning_and_definition.html
element element_meaning_and_definition.html
ellipse ellipse_meaning_and_definition.html
engineer engineer_meaning_and_definition.html
engineer’s notebook engineer_s_notebook_meaning_and_definition.html
engineering engineering_meaning_and_definition.html
engineering technology engineering_technology_meaning_and_definition.html
english system english_system_meaning_and_definition.html
environment environment_meaning_and_definition.html
equilibrium equilibrium_meaning_and_definition.html
essence essence_meaning_and_definition.html
ethics ethics_meaning_and_definition.html
evolution evolution_meaning_and_definition.html
eye contact eye_contact_meaning_and_definition.html
experimentation experimentation_meaning_and_definition.html
extension line extension_line_meaning_and_definition.html
extrusion extrusion_meaning_and_definition.html
factor of safety (fos) factor_of_safety_fos_meaning_and_definition.html
failure failure_meaning_and_definition.html
fall fall_meaning_and_definition.html
fatigue fatigue_meaning_and_definition.html
fastening fastening_meaning_and_definition.html
feature feature_meaning_and_definition.html
ferrite ferrite_meaning_and_definition.html
ferrous ferrous_meaning_and_definition.html
free fall free_fall_meaning_and_definition.html
freehand freehand_meaning_and_definition.html
filter filter_meaning_and_definition.html
finishing finishing_meaning_and_definition.html
firing angle firing_angle_meaning_and_definition.html
flame hardening flame_hardening_meaning_and_definition.html
fluid fluid_meaning_and_definition.html
force force_meaning_and_definition.html
forging forging_meaning_and_definition.html
fracture fracture_meaning_and_definition.html
free body diagram free_body_diagram_meaning_and_definition.html
frequency distribution frequency_distribution_meaning_and_definition.html
friction friction_meaning_and_definition.html
fulcrum fulcrum_meaning_and_definition.html
gage blocks gage_blocks_meaning_and_definition.html
gear gear_meaning_and_definition.html
gear trains gear_trains_meaning_and_definition.html
gender bias gender_bias_meaning_and_definition.html
generator generator_meaning_and_definition.html
geometric constraint geometric_constraint_meaning_and_definition.html
grains grains_meaning_and_definition.html
grain size grain_size_meaning_and_definition.html
graph graph_meaning_and_definition.html
graphics graphics_meaning_and_definition.html
gravitational potential energy gravitational_potential_energy_meaning_and_definition.html
gravity gravity_meaning_and_definition.html
grid grid_meaning_and_definition.html
ground line ground_line_meaning_and_definition.html
hardening hardening_meaning_and_definition.html
hard drive hard_drive_meaning_and_definition.html
hardness hardness_meaning_and_definition.html
heat capacity heat_capacity_meaning_and_definition.html
heat engine heat_engine_meaning_and_definition.html
height height_meaning_and_definition.html
hidden line hidden_line_meaning_and_definition.html
histogram histogram_meaning_and_definition.html
hopper hopper_meaning_and_definition.html
horizon line horizon_line_meaning_and_definition.html
horizontal horizontal_meaning_and_definition.html
hot forming hot_forming_meaning_and_definition.html
hydraulic fluid hydraulic_fluid_meaning_and_definition.html
hypothesis hypothesis_meaning_and_definition.html
hysteresis hysteresis_meaning_and_definition.html
ideation sketching ideation_sketching_meaning_and_definition.html
impending motion impending_motion_meaning_and_definition.html
impact testing impact_testing_meaning_and_definition.html
inclusion inclusion_meaning_and_definition.html
induction hardening induction_hardening_meaning_and_definition.html
industrial age industrial_age_meaning_and_definition.html
infiltration infiltration_meaning_and_definition.html
information age information_age_meaning_and_definition.html
initial velocity initial_velocity_meaning_and_definition.html
innovation innovation_meaning_and_definition.html
injection molding injection_molding_meaning_and_definition.html
inscribe inscribe_meaning_and_definition.html
interactive interactive_meaning_and_definition.html
interpersonal skills interpersonal_skills_meaning_and_definition.html
interface interface_meaning_and_definition.html
invention invention_meaning_and_definition.html
interative interative_meaning_and_definition.html
i/o io_meaning_and_definition.html
iron age iron_age_meaning_and_definition.html
isometric isometric_meaning_and_definition.html
isometric sketch isometric_sketch_meaning_and_definition.html
job function job_function_meaning_and_definition.html
k-value k_value_meaning_and_definition.html
key key_meaning_and_definition.html
key seat key_seat_meaning_and_definition.html
kilo kilo_meaning_and_definition.html
kinetic energy kinetic_energy_meaning_and_definition.html
knurling knurling_meaning_and_definition.html
laser laser_meaning_and_definition.html
lcl lcl_meaning_and_definition.html
lsl lsl_meaning_and_definition.html
lathe lathe_meaning_and_definition.html
lever lever_meaning_and_definition.html
liability liability_meaning_and_definition.html
line line_meaning_and_definition.html
line conventions line_conventions_meaning_and_definition.html
line graph line_graph_meaning_and_definition.html
line segment line_segment_meaning_and_definition.html
line weight line_weight_meaning_and_definition.html
linkage linkage_meaning_and_definition.html
load load_meaning_and_definition.html
lobe lobe_meaning_and_definition.html
longitudinal axis longitudinal_axis_meaning_and_definition.html
lot lot_meaning_and_definition.html
lubrication lubrication_meaning_and_definition.html
magnetic magnetic_meaning_and_definition.html
magnetism magnetism_meaning_and_definition.html
malleability malleability_meaning_and_definition.html
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manufacture manufacture_meaning_and_definition.html
manufacturing manufacturing_meaning_and_definition.html
martensite martensite_meaning_and_definition.html
mass mass_meaning_and_definition.html
mass properties mass_properties_meaning_and_definition.html
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mean mean_meaning_and_definition.html
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measurement measurement_meaning_and_definition.html
mechanical mechanical_meaning_and_definition.html
mechanical energy mechanical_energy_meaning_and_definition.html
mechanical fastener mechanical_fastener_meaning_and_definition.html
median median_meaning_and_definition.html
memory memory_meaning_and_definition.html
metal metal_meaning_and_definition.html
metric system metric_system_meaning_and_definition.html
micro micro_meaning_and_definition.html
micrometer micrometer_meaning_and_definition.html
microprocessor microprocessor_meaning_and_definition.html
milli milli_meaning_and_definition.html
milling milling_meaning_and_definition.html
min min_meaning_and_definition.html
mock-up mock_up_meaning_and_definition.html
mode mode_meaning_and_definition.html
modeling process modeling_process_meaning_and_definition.html
modulus of elasticity modulus_of_elasticity_meaning_and_definition.html
moment moment_meaning_and_definition.html
moment of inertia moment_of_inertia_meaning_and_definition.html
motor motor_meaning_and_definition.html
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necking necking_meaning_and_definition.html
newton’s first law newton_s_first_law_meaning_and_definition.html
newton’s second law newton_s_second_law_meaning_and_definition.html
newton’s third law newton_s_third_law_meaning_and_definition.html
nitride nitride_meaning_and_definition.html
non-destructive testing non_destructive_testing_meaning_and_definition.html
normal distribution normal_distribution_meaning_and_definition.html
normal stress normal_stress_meaning_and_definition.html
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non-traditional non_traditional_meaning_and_definition.html
normalizing normalizing_meaning_and_definition.html
nuclear energy nuclear_energy_meaning_and_definition.html
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offset method offset_method_meaning_and_definition.html
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optical optical_meaning_and_definition.html
optimization optimization_meaning_and_definition.html
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out-sourcing out_sourcing_meaning_and_definition.html
oxide oxide_meaning_and_definition.html
parallel parallel_meaning_and_definition.html
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particle particle_meaning_and_definition.html
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period period_meaning_and_definition.html
phase phase_meaning_and_definition.html
photo-resistor photo_resistor_meaning_and_definition.html
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physical physical_meaning_and_definition.html
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quality quality_meaning_and_definition.html
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range range_meaning_and_definition.html
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radius radius_meaning_and_definition.html
ram ram_meaning_and_definition.html
range range_meaning_and_definition.html
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receiver receiver_meaning_and_definition.html
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redundant redundant_meaning_and_definition.html
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relay relay_meaning_and_definition.html
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research research_meaning_and_definition.html
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resistance resistance_meaning_and_definition.html
resistor resistor_meaning_and_definition.html
resume resume_meaning_and_definition.html
revolution revolution_meaning_and_definition.html
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rise rise_meaning_and_definition.html
rivet rivet_meaning_and_definition.html
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rom rom_meaning_and_definition.html
rotation rotation_meaning_and_definition.html
round round_meaning_and_definition.html
rupture strength rupture_strength_meaning_and_definition.html
sample sample_meaning_and_definition.html
scale scale_meaning_and_definition.html
scale scale_meaning_and_definition.html
scalar quantity scalar_quantity_meaning_and_definition.html
screw screw_meaning_and_definition.html
seals seals_meaning_and_definition.html
semiconductor semiconductor_meaning_and_definition.html
separating separating_meaning_and_definition.html
sequential sequential_meaning_and_definition.html
serendipity serendipity_meaning_and_definition.html
series series_meaning_and_definition.html
shading shading_meaning_and_definition.html
shafts shafts_meaning_and_definition.html
shape shape_meaning_and_definition.html
shear shear_meaning_and_definition.html
shearing shearing_meaning_and_definition.html
si si_meaning_and_definition.html
sigma sigma_meaning_and_definition.html
simple machine simple_machine_meaning_and_definition.html
size size_meaning_and_definition.html
sketch sketch_meaning_and_definition.html
slope slope_meaning_and_definition.html
soldering soldering_meaning_and_definition.html
solenoid solenoid_meaning_and_definition.html
solid solid_meaning_and_definition.html
solid modeling solid_modeling_meaning_and_definition.html
solution solution_meaning_and_definition.html
space space_meaning_and_definition.html
space age space_age_meaning_and_definition.html
spatial configuration spatial_configuration_meaning_and_definition.html
specification limits specification_limits_meaning_and_definition.html
spinning spinning_meaning_and_definition.html
spline spline_meaning_and_definition.html
specific gravity specific_gravity_meaning_and_definition.html
spread spread_meaning_and_definition.html
spreadsheet spreadsheet_meaning_and_definition.html
spring spring_meaning_and_definition.html
sprocket sprocket_meaning_and_definition.html
square square_meaning_and_definition.html
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station point station_point_meaning_and_definition.html
statistics statistics_meaning_and_definition.html
statistical process control statistical_process_control_meaning_and_definition.html
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stone age stone_age_meaning_and_definition.html
strain strain_meaning_and_definition.html
stress stress_meaning_and_definition.html
stress-strain curve stress_strain_curve_meaning_and_definition.html
stud stud_meaning_and_definition.html
surface surface_meaning_and_definition.html
surface area surface_area_meaning_and_definition.html
suspension bridge suspension_bridge_meaning_and_definition.html
switch switch_meaning_and_definition.html
synchronous synchronous_meaning_and_definition.html
synetics synetics_meaning_and_definition.html
synthesis synthesis_meaning_and_definition.html
synthetic synthetic_meaning_and_definition.html
systematic systematic_meaning_and_definition.html
table table_meaning_and_definition.html
tank tank_meaning_and_definition.html
tap tap_meaning_and_definition.html
taper taper_meaning_and_definition.html
tapping tapping_meaning_and_definition.html
target consumer target_consumer_meaning_and_definition.html
technical working drawing technical_working_drawing_meaning_and_definition.html
technical writing technical_writing_meaning_and_definition.html
temple stick temple_stick_meaning_and_definition.html
temperature temperature_meaning_and_definition.html
tempering tempering_meaning_and_definition.html
tension tension_meaning_and_definition.html
tensile tensile_meaning_and_definition.html
thermal thermal_meaning_and_definition.html
thermal energy thermal_energy_meaning_and_definition.html
thermodynamics thermodynamics_meaning_and_definition.html
thermoplastic thermoplastic_meaning_and_definition.html
thermoset thermoset_meaning_and_definition.html
theory theory_meaning_and_definition.html
thread thread_meaning_and_definition.html
threading threading_meaning_and_definition.html
three-dimensional three_dimensional_meaning_and_definition.html
thumbnail thumbnail_meaning_and_definition.html
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timetable timetable_meaning_and_definition.html
tolerance tolerance_meaning_and_definition.html
tone tone_meaning_and_definition.html
torque torque_meaning_and_definition.html
torsion torsion_meaning_and_definition.html
toughness toughness_meaning_and_definition.html
traditional traditional_meaning_and_definition.html
transducer transducer_meaning_and_definition.html
transformation transformation_meaning_and_definition.html
transverse axis transverse_axis_meaning_and_definition.html
triangle triangle_meaning_and_definition.html
triple beam balance triple_beam_balance_meaning_and_definition.html
turning turning_meaning_and_definition.html
two-dimensional two_dimensional_meaning_and_definition.html
u-value u_value_meaning_and_definition.html
ucl ucl_meaning_and_definition.html
usl usl_meaning_and_definition.html
ultimate strength ultimate_strength_meaning_and_definition.html
valve valve_meaning_and_definition.html
vanishing point vanishing_point_meaning_and_definition.html
variation variation_meaning_and_definition.html
vernier caliper vernier_caliper_meaning_and_definition.html
vernier scale vernier_scale_meaning_and_definition.html
vertex vertex_meaning_and_definition.html
vector quantity vector_quantity_meaning_and_definition.html
velocity velocity_meaning_and_definition.html
vertical axis vertical_axis_meaning_and_definition.html
vertical vertical_meaning_and_definition.html
viscosity viscosity_meaning_and_definition.html
views views_meaning_and_definition.html
visual aids visual_aids_meaning_and_definition.html
visualize visualize_meaning_and_definition.html
vita vita_meaning_and_definition.html
voltage voltage_meaning_and_definition.html
volume volume_meaning_and_definition.html
water jet water_jet_meaning_and_definition.html
watt’s law watt_s_law_meaning_and_definition.html
wedge wedge_meaning_and_definition.html
welding welding_meaning_and_definition.html
weight weight_meaning_and_definition.html
wheel and axle wheel_and_axle_meaning_and_definition.html
whistle blowing whistle_blowing_meaning_and_definition.html
width width_meaning_and_definition.html
work work_meaning_and_definition.html
working circle working_circle_meaning_and_definition.html
working drawings working_drawings_meaning_and_definition.html
working relationship working_relationship_meaning_and_definition.html




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Basic technical mechanical drawing notes and tutorial

Exploded view isometric orthographic perspective sectional view drawing