Causes, Events and Effects of the World War II era and Cold War beginnings study guide

 

 

 

Causes, Events and Effects of the World War II era and Cold War beginnings study guide

 

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Causes, Events and Effects of the World War II era and Cold War beginnings study guide

 

GOAL 10 REVIEW - Causes, Events and Effects of the World War II era and Cold War beginnings

1. What European dictator came to power by being appointed to office?
HITLER
2. How did European leaders respond as dictators came to power?
AGGRESSION WENT UNCHECKED       
3. Which event in Germany would eventually lead to World War II?
HITLER CAME TO POWER
4. What was the final major Allied invasion in Europe?
OPERATION OVERLORD - D-DAY INVASION AT NORMANDY
5. Which military leader planned the Normandy Invasion on D-Day?
EISENHOWER
6. Where did D-Day occur?
NORMANDY, FRANCE
7. What defense alliance did the U.S. join after World War II to protect European democracy?
NATO
8. What organization could be defined as an international peacekeeping organization of 180
countries?
UNITED NATIONS
9. What major population shift occurred in the U.S. during and after World War II?
WEST AND SOUTH (SUNBELT)
10. What agreement is generally viewed as a cause of World War II?
TREATY OF VERSAILLES
11. What event was not part of the relationship between Japan and the U.S. prior to
World War II?
REMOVAL OF TARIFFS
12. Which battle was a turning point in the war in the Pacific?
MIDWAY
13. Which battle was a turning point in Europe?
STALINGRAD
14. Put the following in the correct order:  D-Day, Defeat of Hitler, Hiroshima, Death of FDR
D-DAY, DEATH OF FDR, DEFEAT OF HITLER, HIROSHIMA
15. What program was a massive economic recovery plan for Europe after World War II?
MARSHALL PLAN
16. What program was designed to provide aid to Greece and Turkey to stop communism?
TRUMAN DOCTRINE
17. What foreign policy was adopted by the U.S. after World War II?
CONTAINMENT
18. What agreement best illustrates the policy of appeasement?
MUNICH PACT
19. Name 3 countries that tried to expand and gain new land in the 1930’s?
GERMANY, ITALY, JAPAN
20. What foreign policy controlled U.S. action as hostility broke out in Europe in the 1930’s?
ISOLATION
21. What policy prevented the U.S. from joining the League of Nations?
ISOLATION
22.  Name 4 European countries that developed totalitarian government after World War I?
SPAIN, ITALY, RUSSIA, GERMANY
23. What international agreement was an obvious failure in preventing war?
KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT
24. Name 3 agreements that could be considered failures in preventing World War II.
BREST-LITOVSK, PORTSMOUTH, KELLOGG-BRIAND
25. What 3 countries were involved in the non-aggression pact?
GERMANY, USSR, POLAND
26. What event was part of U.S. foreign policy during the 1930’s?
RECOGNITION OF THE COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT OF THE USSR
27. What two countries signed a non-aggression pact in 1939?
GERMANY, USSR
28. What was the purpose of the Lend-Lease program?
PROVIDE WEAPONS TO THE ALLIES
29. What European event caused Britain to declare war on Germany?
GERMAN INVASION OF POLAND
30. What area was affected by the Munich Pact?
SUDETENLAND
31. What American general promised, “I shall return.”?
MACARTHUR
32. List battles, plans and strategies that apply to fighting in Europe?
BLITZKRIEG, D-DAY, BATTLE OF THE BULGE
33. What strategy was used by Nazi troops during the invasion of Poland?
BLITZKRIEG
34. Who defeated General Rommel in North Africa in a battle of Tank divisions?
GENERAL GEORGE PATTON
35. Who was the leader of the US navy in the Pacific during WWII?
ADMIRAL  CHESTER NIMITZ  
36. What agreement did Roosevelt and Churchill sign that outlined the war goals of
their countries?
ATLANTIC CHARTER
37. Why were Nisei forced into relocation camps during World War II?
THEY WERE SEEN AS A THREAT TO U.S. SECURITY
38. Name 3 situations that did occur in both World War I and World War II?
SEGREGATION OF BLACKS, WOMEN WORKED IN FACTORIES, WAR BONDS
39.Why were more schools needed during the 1950’s?
BABY BOOM
40. At what conference did Allied leaders divide Germany into four sections?
POTSDAM
41. What law provided college tuition for World War II veterans?
SERVICEMAN’S READJUSTMENT ACT – GI BILL
42. What law provided financial assistance to veterans who wanted to buy a house or start
a business?
GI BILL
43. What impact did World War II have on the Great Depression?
WORKERS GOT JOBS IN DEFENSE FACTORIES
44. What happened to African Americans during World War II?
SEGREGATED IN THE MILITARY
45. What are the four freedoms that Norman Rockwell draws in his poster to get American to buy war bonds?
FREEDOM OF WORSHIP, SPEECH, FROM WANT AND FROM FEAR
46. Who was the Japanese Emperor during World War II?
HIROHITO
47. Communism, Fascism and Nazism were all forms of what type of government?
TOTALITARIAN
48. What alliance was formed by Hitler and Mussolini in 1936?
AXIS
49. Name the 3 Allied leaders in World War II
CHURCHILL, STALIN, ROOSEVELT
50. Why did Britain declare war on Germany?
GERMANY INVADED POLAND
51. What Allied invasion was the largest amphibious invasion in history?
D-DAY (NORMANDY)
52. Where did McArthur promise to return?
PHILIPPINES
53. Which event led to the end of World War II?
BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA
54. What was the last major Offensive of the War for the Germans?
Battle of the Bulge
55. What do the Holocaust, segregation of black troops and imprisonment of Nisei have
in common?
PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION (RACISM)
56. What Nazi policy was used against Jews?
FINAL SOLUTION         
57. What agreement was a long-term cause of World War II?
TREATY OF VERSAILLES
58. What foreign policy indicated whom the United States would support?
LEND-LEASE
59. During the Casablanca Conference what decision was made?
TO INCREASE THE BOMBING OF GERMANY IN AN EFFORT TO DESTORY ITS MILITARY, INDUSTRAIL AND ECONOMIC SYSTEM
60. What policy allowed Hitler to expand with little opposition?
APPEASEMENT
61. Where did Eisenhower, McArthur and Rommel see action?
EISENHOWER-EUROPE, MACARTHUR-PHILIPPINES, ROMMEL-NORTH AFRICA
62. In what battle did the British use the radar in with success and were able to turn back Hitler and the Luftwaffe?
BATTLE OF BRITAIN
63. List 4 features that were involved in Hitler’s rise to power?
REVENGE, ECONOMIC PROBLEMS, MASTER RACE, TREATY OF VERSAILLES
64. What laws were passed by Congress in 1935 to keep the U.S. out of future wars?
NEUTRALITY ACTS
65. Name the area, person and policy that are related to the Munich Pact
SUDETENLAND, CHAMBERLAIN, APPEASEMENT
66. The Government Agencies Job was to set priorities and production goals and to control distribution of raw materials and supplies?
WAR PRODUCTION BOARD
67. Who did Hitler blame for Germany’s defeat in World War I and economic
problems during the 1920’s?
JEWS
68. Name 4 German concentration camps
AUSCHWITZ, TREBLINKA, BUCHENWALD, BELSEN
69. What status was given to the U.S. with the passage of Lend-Lease?
ARSENAL OF DEMOCRACY
70. The __________ are the first time that women are allowed in the military during War?
WACS
71. What event led Roosevelt to refer to the day as “a date which will live in infamy”?
ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR
72. Cuban exiles, secretly trained by the C. I. A. and supplied by the U. S. government, attempted to invade the island and overthrow Castro's Communist government there was called ?
BAY OF PIGS
73. How did the U.S. react to news that German scientists had split a uranium atom?
MANHATTAN PROJECT
74. The removal of General Douglas MacArthur from command of the United States-United Nations forces during the Korean War exemplifies the constitutional principle of?:
CIVILIAN CONTROL OF THE MILITARY
75. During the struggle in China between nationalists and communists after World War II, the United States?:
continued to support Chiang Kai-Shek with money and weapons even when it became clear his cause was lost
76. Where did Soviet troops stop the German advance into the USSR?
STALINGRAD
77. What strategy was used against the Japanese in the Pacific?
ISLAND HOPPING
78. What desperate strategy was used by the Japanese as Allies neared Japan?
KAMIKAZE
79. List terms that might be identified with the Manhattan Project.
ROBERT OPPENHEIMER, MANHATTAN PROJECT, LOS ALAMOS
80 This regional organization, created in 1951, promoted the economic development of Latin America and cooperation between the U. S. and its Latin American neighbors?
OAS
81. What happened at Nuremberg after World War II?
NAZI LEADERS WERE PUT ON TRIAL
82. A military alliance between the Soviet Union and its Eastern European Communist satellites was called?
WARSAW PACT
83. What part of the United States were the Internment camps established?
Isolate western states
84. What was the ruling in Korematsu v. United States?
JAPANESE-AMERICANS COULD BE SENT TO RELOCATION CENTERS
85. What did the Nuremberg trials emphasized? individual responsibility for actions during a war, regardless of orders received.
86. What was the result of the San Francisco conference?
CREATION OF THE UN
87. Why was the decision made to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima?
TO SAVE AMERICAN LIVES AND SHORTEN THE WAR
88 This U. S.-Soviet agreement called for the end of atmospheric testing of nuclear device
NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY
89.. Which Cold War event involve the city of Berlin being blockaded?
Berlin Airlift
90. Which of the following resulted from servicemen returning home from World War II?
baby boom, GI Bill, Housing shortage
91. What did the Taft-Hartley Act do?
It outlaw all closed union shops

92. President Kennedy's main goal in the United States' 1962 decision to blockade Cuba was to?

Force the Soviet Union to remove its missiles from Cuba

93. In 1960 which of the following contributed most directly to Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev's cancellation of a scheduled summit meeting with President Dwight D. Eisenhower?
THE DOWNING OF AN AMERICAN U-2 SPY PLANE OVER THE SOVIET UNION.
94. The program of economic aid to Latin American countries initiated by President Kennedy to build on the good will established by FDR's Good Neighbor Policy.
ALLIANCE FOR PROGRESS
95. What term was used to describe the separation of the Communist nations of Eastern Europe from the West? IRON CURTAIN
96. Two countries were the Central Intelligence Agencies was used to achieve the goals of the US during the Cold War during the 1950’s?
IRAN AND GUATEMALA
97. Was an enduring symbol of the cold war that divide the city in Germany?
BERLIN WALL
98. What country was develop in 1948 as a result of the Holocaust?
ISREAL
99. What weapon was consider at least a 100 times more powerful that the Atomic Bomb?
Hydrogen
100. Which Cold War Program propose Economic and Military aid to those countries with anti-communist governments in the Middle East?
Eisenhower Doctrine
101.Who was the lead of the Cuban rebellion in 1959 that was responsible for establishing a communist government in Cuba?
FIDEL CASTRO
102. What marked the end to the fighting with Japan during WWII?
V-J Day
103. What organization with in the United Nations has the authority to send troops to different countries? (It has five permanent members USA, RUSSIA, CHINA, GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE) Security Council
104. The Major results of the Tehran conference in 1943 were?
GREAT BRITAIN AND US WOULD OPEN SECOND FRONT AGAINST THE GERMANY IN EUROPE, THE ALLIED POWERS WOULD DIVIDE UP GERMANY, AND THE USSR WOULD HELP THE ALLIED DEFEAT JAPAN AFTER GERMANY WAS DEFEAT.
105. One group of society that benefit form the Post war economic boom following World War II were the?
MIDDLE CLASS
106. The treaty, signed by representatives of the United States, Australia, Britain, France, New Zealand , Pakistan, the Philippines and Thailand, provided for collective action against aggression in 1954 was ?
SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization)
107.  What theoretically ended the war between French Union forces and the Vietminh in Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam? These states were to become fully independent countries, with the last-named partitioned near the 17th parallel into two states pending reunification through "free elections" to be held by July 20, 1956. The United States and Vietnam are not signatories to these agreements (GENEVA ACCORDS)

 

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