US history answers to questions study guide for homework and test



US history answers to questions study guide for homework and test


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US history answers to questions study guide for homework and test

1. When did England officially recognize the U.S.?
A. Treaty of Paris 1783
2. When was the U.S. Constitution ratified?
    A. 1789
3. What type of government document before U.S. Constitution?
    A. Articles of Confederation
4. Term: loose association of states
    A. confederation
5.  Which 2 men helped form the U.S. two-party system?
    A. Jefferson and Hamilton
6. Term: group or advisors to the president
    A. cabinet
7. Who created a national bank, assumed state debt, and paid-off national debt to
    make the U.S. seem strong?
        A. Hamilton
8. 1st president?
    “”Secretary of State?
    “”Secretary of the Treasury?
    A. George Washington; Thomas Jefferson; Alexander Hamilton
9. This political party believed in states rights
    A. Democratic-Republicans
10. Which political party believed the nation rules over the states?
     A. Federalist
11. Term: foreign person living in U.S.?
         A. Alien (immigrant)
12. Term: speaking negatively about a government or politician?
         A. Sedition
13. Which law set up federal court system, like the circuit court?
        A. Judiciary Act of 1789
14. Washington, __________, Jefferson, _________
    A. Adams; Madison
15. When did Jefferson buy the Louisiana Territory? Its significance?
    A. 1803; doubled U.S. instantly
16. Could Hamilton ever be the U.S. president?  Why/why not?
         A. No, he’s not a native-born citizen
17. What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 set-up?
        A.  Federal court system
18. Term: staying out of foreign affairs
    A. Neutral
19. Who warned Americans against “entangling alliances” in his “Farewell
         A. Washington
20. 2nd President? Party?
    A. John Adams; Federalist
21. Term: to cancel a law
    A. Nullify
22. President Adams was not re-elected due to his support of which laws?
    A. Alien and Sedition Acts
23. 3rd President? Party?
    A. Thomas Jefferson; Democratic-Republican
24. Group of judges Adams appointed on the last day of his term
        A. Midnight Judges
25. Who said to stay out of foreign alliances?
    A. George Washington
26. Which nation went to war with the U.S. in 1812? Why?
    A. Britain/England: impressment, freedom of the seas
27. Which treaty gave the “right of deposit” to the U.S.?
    A. Pinckney’s
28. ‘Supreme law of land IS federal law’ court case?
    A. McCulloch vs. Maryland
29. ‘Judicial Review’ court case?
    A. Marbury vs. Madison
30. In the Adams-Onis Treaty, ______ gave parts of ______ to the U.S. in 1819.
    A. Spain; Florida
31. Who were the French diplomats trying to extort money from the U.S.?
    A. XYZ
32. Which president is Lewis and Clark associated with?
         A. Jefferson
33. Treaty: Britain agrees to remove posts in Great Lakes, but doesn’t.
         A. Jay’s Treaty
34. Treaty: American Indians give up land in Ohio River Valley. Leader of Indians?
    A. Treaty of Greenville; Tecumseh
35. Treaty name: Spain gives ‘free’ navigation rights on Mississippi R.
    A. Pinckney’s
36. Term: love and devotion to one’s country
         A. Nationalism
37. Which president set precedents?
    A. Washington
38. Who was the 1st Secretary of State?  Secretary of Treasury?
    A. Jefferson; Hamilton
39. Jefferson/Hamilton fighting= ________-________ system
    A. Two party




  1. Which region: North, South, West?  (CREATE CHART)






A. Manufactured?


I. Lots of rain?


B. Farmed?


J. Lots of cities?


C. Plantation


K. Wants infrastructure?

W, S

D. Shallow, narrow, rapid rivers?


L. Broad, deep, and slow moving rivers?


E. Mineral deposits?


M. Rocky soil?


F. Lumber?


N. Excellent soil?


G. Fur trapping?


O. Harsh winters?


H. Wants tariffs?


P. Shipping/shipbuilding?


Administer Test 1

41. Which two rivers systems were vital to the New United States?
         A. Mississippi and Ohio
42.  Who was the precedent-setting president?
        A. Washington
43. Plan: East wants tariffs & national bank; South & West want internal         improvements aka infrastructure. 
         A. American System
44. Who was known as The Great Compromiser and author of the American   System?
         A. Henry Clay
45. Term: to change for the better
         A. Reform
46.  List 2 wars the U.S. fought against England
     A. American Revolution; War of 1812
47.  Jefferson wrote the _______________ Madison wrote the _______________.
         A. D.O.I; U.S. Constitution
48. “Europe! Stay out of Western Hemisphere!” document
         A. Monroe Doctrine
49. Which invention virtually entrenched slavery in the South? Inventor?
      A. Cotton Gin; Eli Whitney
50. Term: people who hate immigrants
       A. Nativists
51. Who said it was wrong to put mentally ill in prison?
         A. Dorothea Dix
52. Era: religious excitement, diversity, and tolerance.
        A. The 2nd Great Awakening

53. Philosophy: Self-reliance is key to success!
      A. Transcendentalism
54. Term: stop drinking liquor
       A. Temperance
55. Who made education exciting and practical?
      A. Horace Mann
56. Term: man-made waterway.  Name this famous one and where is it located?
      A. Canal; Erie, New York (SEE NEXT SLIDE)
57. Term: movement against slavery
      A. Abolition
58. Document: “All men and women are created equal”
       A. The Seneca Falls Declaration
59. Term: to change for the better
      A. Reform
60. Terms: “that peculiar institution
               “one who is against slavery”
      A. Slavery; Abolitionist
61. When was the Reform/Romantic Movement?
      A. 1830-1850
62. Who wrote Civil Disobedience?
      A. Henry David Thoreau
63. Term: pre-Civil War
      A. Antebellum
64. Term: when politicians replace govt. workers with friends and supporters
      A. Spoils System

65. Terms: freeing of slaves vs. movement to free slaves
      A. Emancipation vs. abolition
66. What angered Southerners because it outlawed slavery in the territories?
      A. Wilmot Proviso
67. What was the main issue that kept Missouri from becoming a state?
      A. Imbalance of free vs. slave states
68. American’s belief that we should own all land from Atlantic to Pacific?
      A. Manifest Destiny
69. 3 causes of War of 1812?
      A. 1. Impressment 2. Freedom of the seas 3. War hawks want Canada
70. What is the real reason U.S. went to war: 1812?
      A. War hawks want Canada
71. Stanton/Mott: _______ _______ movement.
      A. Women’s rights
72. Emerson /Thoreau ______________ Movement.
      A. Transcendental
73. Compromise: 36, 30 and south, slavery is legal
        A. Missouri

74. Which compromise made California a free state?
      A. Compromise of 1850
75. Which invention made “that peculiar institution” a “necessary evil?”
      A. Cotton Gin
76. Who developed the Nullification Theory? Why?
      A. John C. Calhoun, he thought state law was most important
77. Who said “Be kind to the mentally ill?”
      A. Dorothea Dix
78. Which region depended on the cotton as a major source of income?
      A. South
79. Which country depended on southern cotton to make textiles?
      A. Britain/England
80. Jefferson or Jackson?  (6 LINES)
      a. Won the Battle of New Orleans, 1815?                A. Jackson
      b. Was for collection of the Tariff of Abominations? A. Jackson
      c. Wrote the Declaration of Independence?              A. Jefferson
      d. “Common Man’s President”                               A. Jackson
      e. Was against the National Bank? (TRICKY)                A. Both 
      f. Did not support the Cherokee?                    A. Jackson   

Administer Test 2

81. What does “that peculiar institution “mean?  
      A. Slavery
82. Term: allowing people of a region to decide the question of slavery
      A. Popular sovereignty
83.  Who wrote Last of the Mohicans?
      A. Cooper
84. Who was John Brown?
      A. Radical abolitionist
85. Which law caused “Bleeding Kansas?”
      A. Kansas-Nebraska act
86. Who defied the Supreme Court in Worcester vs. Georgia?
      A. Jackson
87. Trail of Tears: which Native-American group?
      A. Cherokee
88.  Compromises (SEE NEXT 3 SLIDES)  

      a. Thee parts to the Missouri Compromise of 1820
             A. Missouri is a slave state, Maine is created and is a free state                              anything south of 36, 30 is open to slavery.
      b. Four parts of the Compromise of 1850
             A. California is a free state, Arizona/Utah Territories popular                                  sovereignty, strict fugitive slave law, slave trade is DC is illegal
      c. Main point of Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
             A. Popular sovereignty 
89. What was the Grimke sisters noted for?
      A. Southern abolition
90. Who strengthened the power of the Supreme Court?
      A. John Marshall
91. Who sued for his freedom and lost?
      A. Dred Scott
92. Which event triggered S.C. secession?
      A. Election of Lincoln
93. Who became president in 1860, Political party?
      A. Lincoln; Republicans
94. Who was the states rights spokesman?
      A. Calhoun
95. Which book vilified slavery?
      A. Uncle Toms Cabin
96. Manifest Destiny? Yes or No?
      a. Louisiana Purchase?                yes/ no
      b. Gadsden Purchase?          yes/ no
      c. Texas Annexation?         yes/ no
      d. Indian Removal?             yes/ no
      e. Mormons move to Utah?          yes/ no
97. What was the result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
      A. Bleeding Kansas
98. Which compromise? 36, 30 south, open to slavery
    A. Missouri
99. 2nd President?
    A. Adams
100. He said NO to nullification!
    A. Jackson
101. This law forced Indians west of the Mississippi River
        A. Indian Removal Act
102. Which slogan? We are willing to go to war for Oregon
        A. “54, 40 or Fight!”
103. Who? Group rushing to California for gold
        A. 49ers
104.  South Carolina’s state right’s person?
        A. Calhoun
105. Which war? “Remember the Alamo”
        A. War for Texas Independence
106. Texas is free from Mexico, the U.S. ______________________ Texas!
        A. Annexes
107. Which war? Mexico/U.S. boundary dispute
        A. Mexican War
108. Treaty that ended the Mexican War?
        A. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

109. Which land did U.S. get as a result of the Mexican War?
        A. Mexican Cession
110. Who? Team that explored the Louisiana Territory
        A. Lewis and Clark
111. Which treaty ended the War of 1812?
        A. Treaty of Ghent 
112. Which event does the “snapping turtle” portray?
        A. The Embargo of 1807 
113. Which treaty? Removed Native-Americans from Ohio River Valley?
        A. Treaty of Greenville
114. Who? She reminded her husband to “remember the ladies?”
A. Abigail Adams
115. Who? She saved national treasures from the British invasion, 1814.
        A. Dolley Madison
116. Who? Native-American who formed the Red Stick Confederacy
        A. Tecumseh
117. Voting requirements during the “new nation” was limited to?
        A. White, male, landowners
118. What event showed the weakness of the Articles?
       What event showed the strength of the U.S. Constitution?
        A. Shay’s Rebellion; Whiskey Rebellion
119. Which event caused the Federalist Party to die?
    A. Hartford Convention
120. Court case: established judicial review
        A. Marbury v. Madison 

Administer Test 3


121. Which compromise? 36, 30 south, open to slavery
        A. Missouri
122. What law caused the Republican Party to be formed?
    A. Kansas-Nebraska Act
123. Who was Dred Scott?
    A. Slave who sued for his freedom and lost
124. Who was John Brown?
    A. Radical abolitionist
125. Who wrote Uncle Toms Cabin?
    A. Harriet Beecher Stowe
126. Federalists believe in a ________ central government.
    A. Strong
127. Democratic-Republicans believe in ___________ rights.
    A. States
128.  Who? He agonized over buying Louisiana Territory.
        A. Jefferson
129.  What was the hot topic in the presidential election of 1844?
    A. Annexation of Texas
130. What was the hot topic in the presidential election of 1860?
     A. Slavery
131. This political party was against the extension of slavery.
    a. Republicans
132. This political party was against immigration and immigrants.
        A. Know nothings
133. The Oregon Territory: annexed, bought or negotiated through treaty?
    A. Negotiated through treaty
134. Event: French diplomats tried to bribe U.S., Adams rejects it!
        A. XYZ Affair
135. Result of the Nat Turner’s Rebellion?
    A. Southern whites distrust slaves
136. Anti-slavery movement is a.k.a. _______ Movement.
        A. Abolition
137. Brooks-Sumner incident (1856) shows that the question of _______ is a HOT
        topic !
        A. Slavery
138. Term: letting people decide the question of slavery
        A. Popular sovereignty
139. What is the U.S. position toward French/ Britain 1790’s?
    A. Neutrality
140. Who invented the mechanical reaper?
        A. Cyrus McCormick
141. First instant transcontinental communication invention?
        A. Telegraph
142. Who invented the telegraph? Telephone?
        A. Samuel FB Morse; Bell   
143. “54, 40 or Fight!” is a slogan is connected to which land acquisition?
    A. Oregon Territory
144. Which bill proposed no slavery in the Mexican Cession land; it failed?
        A. Wilmot Proviso
145. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo settled which war?
    A. Mexican
146. Which region? Cotton is king!
        A. South
147.  Name 2 African-American abolitionists
        A. Sojourner Truth, Frederick Douglass
148. Which compromise? Fugitive Slave Act
        A. Compromise of 1850
149. Result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
        A. Bleeding Kansas (aka Bloody Kansas)
150. He led a raid at Harper’s Ferry.
        A. John Brown
151. Term: the right to vote
        A. Suffrage
152. ELECTION OF 1860: which political party?
    Lincoln?            A. Republican
    Douglas?           A. Northern Democratic
     Breckinridge     A. Southern Democratic
         Bell                 A. Constitutional Union

153. What would the South do if Lincoln was elected?
        A. Secede
154. Term: to break away, leave the union
        A. Secede
155. Famous debate on the growth of slavery is called?
        A. Lincoln-Douglas Debates
156 Where? First shots of the Civil War
        A. Ft. Sumter, S.C.
157.  Who won the Election of 1860?
        A. Lincoln
158. Who established an American colony in Mexican Territory?
        A.  Stephen Austin
159. Who established the ‘spoils system’ to get the ‘common man’ into office?
        A. Jackson
160. Identify each land acquisition, when and how it was acquired




Land to the Mississippi R.



Louisiana Territory









Oregon Territory



Southwest America



Gadsden Purchase



Administer Test 4

161. Union: 3 advantages?
        A. 1. More people   2. Factories     3. More cash
162. Confederate: 3 advantages?
    A. 1. Good military leadership 2. Home field  3. Determined
163. Where? 1st battle of the Civil War/ Who won?
        A. Bull Run, Confederates
164. Where? Confederate capital/Union Capital?
        A. Richmond, VA/Washington DC
165. Most effective general for the Union?
        A. U.S. Grant
166. Most effective general for the Confederacy?
        A. Robert E. Lee
167. First 10 amendments to the Constitution?
        A. Bill of Rights
168. Which battle made Jackson a war hero?
        A. Battle of New Orleans (1815)
169. Who was the “Hero of Vicksburg?”
    A. U.S. Grant
170. Civil War turning point battle: cut the South into 2!
        A. Vicksburg (Mississippi)
171. Civil War turning point battle; last Southern offense
        A. Gettysburg (Pennsylvania)
172. Who followed a scorched earth/total war policy?
        A. General Sherman/Sherman’s March 
173. Where? Civil War surrender spot
        A. Appomattox Court House, VA
174. Who? President of the Confederacy/Union
        A. Davis/Lincoln
175. Term: states loyal to the Union, but allowed slavery?
        A. Border States
176. Bloodiest battle of the Civil War (23,000 dead)?
        A. Antietam
177. Term: Northerners who support southern secession?
        A. Copperheads
178.  Term: period of rebuilding after the Civil War
        A. Reconstruction
179. Name the government program to help ex-slaves.
    A. Freedman’s Bureau
180. When did Reconstruction begin and end?
    A. 1866-1877
181. President Lincoln and Johnson’s Reconstruction plan?
       Radical Republicans Reconstruction plan ?
        A. Forgive the South/Punish the South
182. Who?  President after Lincoln’s assassination
        A. Andrew Johnson
183. Who? Extreme Republicans that want to punish the South.
    A. Radical Republicans
184. Which president withdrew troops, ending Reconstruction?
        A. R. Hayes
185. List three reasons black citizens were denied the right to vote:
        A. Poll tax, Literacy test, and grandfather clause
186. Who was impeached for violating the Tenure of Office Act?
        A. Andrew Johnson
187. Term: tax on the right to vote.
        A. Poll tax
188. This kept freedman in service jobs.
        A. Black codes
189. What kept races legally separate?
        A. Jim Crow laws
190. What replaced the Plantation System of farming?
    A. Sharecropping and tenant farming
191. Term: Southerners profit on Reconstruction/Northerners?
        A. Scalawag; Carpetbaggers
192. List the 3 Civil War/Reconstruction Amendments
    A. 13, 14, and 15
193. Why was Andrew Johnson impeached?
    A. Violating the Tenure of Office Act
194. Why was Johnson really impeached?
    A. Radicals felt he was too lenient to the South.
195. Amendment: if you’re born here, you’re a citizen
    A. 14
196. Treaty? U.S. got the right of deposit in New Orleans
    A. Pinckney’s Treaty
197. You must read in order to vote
    A. Literacy test
198. Who was the founder of the Mormon faith?
    A. Joseph Smith
199. Which tribe did Chief Joseph belong?
    A. Nez Perce
200. Who helped build the 1st transcontinental railroad?
        A. Chinese and Irish

Administer Test 5

201. What was discovered in California in 1848?
    A. Gold
202. Where did the 1st transcontinental railroad meet?
    A. Promontory Point, Utah
203. Term: group who moved to California looking for gold
    A. 49ers
204. Which President supported the Alien and Sedition Acts? 
    A. Adams
205. Who made education exciting? Era?
    A. Horace Mann; Reform Movement
206. When did the Jefferson buy the Louisiana Purchase?
    A. 1803
207. When did California officially become a free state?
        A. 1850
208. He proposed a national bank, high tariffs, and paying off debt
    A. Hamilton

209. What was the ultimate purpose of the Dawes Severalty Act?
    A. Assimilate American Indians into society
210. Turning points of Civil War?
        A. Gettysburg and Vicksburg
211. Who was the Common Man’s President?
    A. Andrew Jackson
212. Group that supported the excise tax on whiskey?
    A. Federalists
213. Term: loyal to the Union, but allowed slaves. (1 example)
    A. Border States (Kentucky)
214. First shots of Civil War? 1st battle? End of war?
    A. Fort Sumter, Bull Run, Appomattox Courthouse
215. Which President ended Reconstruction?
    A. Rutherford B. Hayes
216. President of U.S. during Civil War/Presidents during Reconstruction?
    A. Lincoln; Johnson, Grant, and Hayes
217. Who said, “Fight for your rights!”
    A. Dubois
218. Who said, “Work within the segregated system”
    A. Booker T. Washington
219. Which invention closed the ‘open range?’
    A. Barbed wire
220. Term: incoming people to a country
    A. Immigrants
221. By 1990, _____ % of Native Americans lived on ______?
    A. 90; reservations
222. What replaced the Plantation System post Civil War?
    A. Sharecropping and tenant farming
223. What law set-up agricultural colleges in the mid 1800’s?
    A. Morrill Land Grant Act
224. What are the 3 points of the Anaconda Plan? (See next slide)
    A. 1. Blockade southern ports
        2. Control Mississippi R
        3. Scorched-earth policy
225. Who gave the “Cross of Gold speech?”
    A. Bryan
226. Who created the 1st national bank?
    A. Hamilton
227. Who was the precedent-setting president?
A. Washington
228. Who believed only the rich should rule?
A. Hamilton
229. Who started the idea of states rights and nullification?
A. Calhoun
230. Who advised the nation not to get involved in foreign alliances?
A. Washington
231. 16th Amendment?
     A. Income Tax               
232. Confederate or Union state during the Civil War? (7 LINES)
    A.     1.Texas? C
           2. Georgia? C
3. Maryland? U
4. New York? U
5. Missouri? U
6. North Carolina? C
           7. Virginia? C

233. Who invented the . . .  (5 LINES)
Light bulb?                       A. Edison
                                       Sewing machine?        A. Elias Howe
                           Mechanical reaper?     A. McCormick
                                Telegraph?                  A. Morris
                                       Telephone?                       A. Bell

234. Term: Rundown slum in a city
A. Tenement
235. What law banned Chinese immigration until 1965?
A. Chinese Exclusion Act of 1881
236. Term: a contract that states a worker will never ever join a union
A. Yellow-dog contract
237. Term: contract negotiations between worker and employer
A. Collective bargaining
238. Term: refusal to work.

  1. Strike

239. Term: Northerners who want southern secession
A. Copperheads
240. Era: rapid industrialization, immigration, and urbanization

Glided Age

Administer Test 6

241. Who was the steel magnate of the late 1800’s?
A. Andrew Carnegie
242. Who was the Railroad tycoon?
A. Vanderbilt
243. Who is the banking tycoon?
A. J.P. Morgan
244. Who is the oil baron?

  1. Rockefeller

245. 17th Amendment?

  1. Direct election of senators

246. Term: business practice with total control of a good/service.
A. Monopoly
247. Event: over 200 American Indians died, many women and kids
        A. Sand Creek Massacre
248. Attitude of title: positive or negative?
1. Tycoon?                               A. Positive
2. Robber baron?                       A. Negative
3. Magnate?                               A. Positive
4. Industrialists?                       A. Positive
5. Captain of Industry?               A. Positive
249. Two-party system came from ____________________ & _____________________
        A. Hamilton & Jefferson
250. Which industry?
   Vanderbilt              A. Railroad  

        Carnegie       A. Steel

        Rockefeller    A. Oil
        Morgan         A. Banking
251. Main goal of unions?
A. Protect workers
252. List 3 problems of workers during Glided Age?
A. Long hours, low wages, and unsafe working conditions
253. What was the 1st national labor union called?
A. Knights of Labor
254. Who was the founder of the AF of L?
A. Samuel Gompers
255. Which labor union had skilled labor only?
A. AF of L
256. Who was the leader of the American Railway Union?
A. Debs
257. Term: rapid growth of the city
A. Urbanization
258. Term: government leaves business alone
A. Laissez-Faire
259. Term: in business, only the strong should survive
A. Social Darwinism
260. Term: Carnegie’s belief that the wealthy most help the less fortunate
A. Gospel of Wealth
261. Which group thought the railroad industry unfair?
A. Farmers
262. Court case: states may set grain storage rates
A. Munn vs. Illinois
263. Term: workers united to improve working conditions
A. Union
264. This law gave the federal government the power to regulate business
        b/w states.
A. Interstate Commerce Act
265. This law outlawed trusts, but the law was weak.
A. Sherman Anti-Trust Act
266. Who violated the Tenure of Office Act?
A. Andrew Johnson
267. Confederate capital? Union capital?

A.  Richmond, V.A, Washington, D.C.

268. Document: 1823: Europe! Stay out of the Western Hemisphere!
A. Monroe Doctrine
269. This treaty opened up farming in the Ohio/Mississippi River Valleys
A. Pinckney’s
270. Court case: ‘judicial review’
        A. Marbury vs. Madison
271. Which nation went to war with the U.S., 1812?
A. Britain/England
272. Term: a 3rd party helps 2 sides
    A. Mediation
273. Which law created the civil service system?
A. Pendleton Act
274. Term: negotiating a contract
A. Collective bargaining
275. Scandal: Congressmen helped the railroad company unfairly.
A. Credit Mobilier scandal
276. Term: citizens who left the Republican Party and supported civil service
         reform (1884)
A. Mugwumps
277. 16th amendment
A. Income Tax
278. 18th amendment
A. Prohibition
279. 16-19 Amendments are called the _______________ Amendments.

A. Progressive

280. 13, 14, and 15 are called the ______________________Amendments

A. Civil War

Administer Test 7

281. What are the Civil War Amendments also known as?
A. Reconstruction Amendments
282. Who? “I support farmers”
A. Jefferson
283. Who? “I support the rich and educated”
A. Hamilton
284. Taxation w/o representation document?
A. Dec. of Independence
285. “To provide for the common defense” document:
A. Constitution
286. Which union? Skilled labor

  1. AF of L

287. What is the Grange?
A. Farmers organization
288. How did southern farmers “deal” w/ Jim Crow?
A. Southern Colored Farmers’ Alliance
289. Court case: state commissions can regulate railroad storage rates.

A. Munn vs. Illinois

290. Election of 1896: Democratic candidate         A. Bryan
                            Republican candidate                 A. McKinley

                            Populist candidate                     A. Bryan

291. Who won the election of 1896?
        A. McKinley
292. List the 4 goals of the Populist Party

  1. Graduated income tax, direct election of senators, secret ballot, the nationalization of railroads.

293. Which Populist goal was not met?
        A. Nationalization of the railroads
294. Bi-metalism means using both _______________________ & ________________.

  1. Gold and silver

295. What? Steel production: better, cheaper, stronger
        A. Bessemer Process
296. What led to the skyscrapers and suspension bridges?
        A. Bessemer Process
297.  Which strike ‘violated’ the Sherman Anti-Trust Act?
        A. Pullman Strike
298. Term: court order ordering workers back to work
        A. Injunction
299. Who? Union leader who went to jail
        A. Eugene Debs
300. Term: workers who cross union’s picket lines
        A. Scab
301. Event: Knights of Labor blamed for deaths of police officers
        A. Haymarket Riot
302. Who killed the policemen at Haymarket?
        A. Mystery of history!
303. Who? Boss of Tammany Hall
        A. Boss Tweed
304. Term: a non-elected group that controls a political party
        A. Political machine

305. Most famous political machine?
        A. Tammany Hall
306. Garfield’s assassination helped pass the ______________________________ Act
        A. Pendleton
307.  Populists _____________, Progressives ____________________
        A. Inform; reform
308. Who exposed the evils of Standard Oil?
A. Tarbell
309. Who campaigned against lynching?
A. Wells
310. Term: kicking out an elected official
A. Recall
311. Term: community center helping immigrants.
A. Settlement Houses
312.  Term: slum of the inner-city
A. Tenement
313. What caused the Populist Party to die?
A. Election of 1896
314. What’s the “official” name for prohibition?
        A. Volstead Act
315. Which tragedy brought strict fire codes to NYC?
A. Triangle Factory Fire
316. Setting for How the Other Half Lives?
A. Tenement building
317. She founded Hull House settlement House in Chicago
A. Addams
318. Name a temperance leader
    A. Carrie Nation
319. Term: exaggerated news stories
    A. Yellow journalism
320. Term: gaining land outside of borders
    A. Imperialism

Administer Test 8

321. Why did the U.S. want land overseas?
    A. Naval bases, new markets, raw materials
322. Who? Yellow journalism publishers
        A. Hearst, Pulitzer
323. Who owned Guam, Puerto Rico and Philippines before 1898? After1898?
        A. Spain; U.S.
324. Who/what blew-up the U.S.S Maine?
        A. Mystery of history!
325. Term: not able to vote

  1. Disenfranchisement

326. Separate but equal is legal court case.
A. Plessy vs. Ferguson
327. Father of the U.S. Constitution? Declaration?  Country?

  1.  Madison; Jefferson; Washington

328. 3rd, 7th, and 17th Presidents?

  1. Jefferson, Jackson, and Johnson

329. Group: against American imperialism

  1. Anti-Imperialism League

330. Event: forced removal of queen in Hawaii

  1. Annexation of Hawaii

331. Trade policy with China, late 19th century

  1. Open Door

332. Nickname for the Span-Am War?

  1. ‘Splendid Little War’

333.  ‘Europe: stay out the Americas!’ 1823

  1. Monroe Doctrine

334.  The U.S. becomes the “policeman” of the Western Hemisphere, 1905

  1. Roosevelt Corollary   See Next Slide

335. Taft’s ‘solution’ to Latin American problems?
        Dollar Diplomacy
336. Drake’s Folly = ______________; Seward’s Folly= ________________________
        A. Oil drilling; buying Alaska
337. Term: A large movement of African-Americans from south to north in search  
         of a better life.

  1. Great Migration

338. Who said, “You furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war!”?

  1. Wm. Hearst, publisher

339. Which war is Hearst associated with?

  1. Span-American War

340. “Spanish-American War is over, what’s on the scene?”

  1. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines!

341. “Spain was blamed for blowing up the _________________!”
        A. Maine!
342. WEB Dubois helped form which group?

  1. NAACP

343. Which movement occurred due to illegal business practices, worker poverty,
        and social injustice?
A. Progressivism

344. President that enforced the Tariff of Abominations?
A. Jackson
345. Which President after Lincoln died?
A. Andrew Johnson
346. ‘Common Man’s President?’
A. Jackson

347. Which Presidents? Revolution; War of 1812; and Reconstruction

  1. Jefferson, Jackson, Johnson

348. Term: belief that Americans should own all land from Atlantic to Pacific

  1. Manifest Destiny

349. Term: belief that Americans should own land outside of its borders

  1. Imperialism

350. Who? Radical abolitionist who published The Liberator?  

  1. William Lloyd Garrison

351. Who? Two women of the Reform era: equal rights for women, NOW!

  1. Stanton and Mott

352. Where? “All men and women are equal!” declaration

  1. Seneca Falls Convention

353. Era: period of reform and change/late 1800s.

  1. Progressive Era

354. Analogy: Lincoln Steffens was to The Shame of the Cities as ??? was to 
                     The Jungle.
A. Sinclair
355. Term: the wealthy should use their wealth to improve mankind

  1. The Gospel of Wealth

356. List the 3 Progressive Presidents

  1. T. Roosevelt, Taft, Wilson

357. Booker T. Washington’s ‘accommodation’ speech?
        A. Atlanta Compromise
358. Analogy: after the Civil War, Democrats were to Jim Crow laws as
            Radical Republicans were to????
        A. Radical Reconstruction
359. What business is associated with the Haymarket Riot?
A. McCormick Reaper Factory
360. Who? Federal Reserve Act
A. Wilson

Administer Test 9

361. Who founded Hull House?

    1. Jane Addams

362. Event: girls die in fire at sewing company

  1. Triangle Factory Fire

363. Result of the Triangle Fire?  

  1. Better workplace safety rules

364. Cause? T. Roosevelt reads The Jungle, effect?

  1. FDA is established

365. Who exposed the ‘evils’ of society during Progressivism?

  1. Muckrakers

366. Who? Tried to reform politics by referendum, recall, initiative

  1. Bob Lafollette

367. List 3 ways black citizens were denied the right to vote

  1. Poll tax, literacy tests, grandfather clause, intimidation

368. Term: segregation by choice; by law

  1. De facto segregation; De jure

369. Who? Exposed lynching for the evil that it was

  1. Ida B. Wells (Barnett)

370. Term: Southerner who profits on Reconstruction
A. Scalawag
371. Term: Northerner who profits on Reconstruction
A. Carpetbagger
372. Term: Northerner who approves of Southern secession
        A. Copperhead
373. Who? “The mentally ill should be in a hospital, not prison!”
        A. Dorothea Dix
374. T-Chart: Booker T. Washington to WEB Dubois (CREATE CHART)



“Work within the segregated system”

“Demand rights, NOW!”

Founded Tuskegee Institute


Wrote Up From Slavery

Wrote The Souls of Black Folk

375. Business leader: $5.00 a day, assembly line, Model T Ford factory
        A. Henry Ford
376. Term: immigrants groups keeping their culture/customs in the U.S.
A. Cultural pluralism
377. Term: belief that in social/political life, only the strongest survive.
        A. Social Darwinism
378. Term: wealthy have a moral duty to help less fortunate
A. Gospel of Wealth
379. Term: immigrants lived in these horrible places
A. Tenement Houses
380. Term: community centers in a city, helped immigrants
A. Settlement Houses
381. Term: love/ devotion to one’s country
A. Nationalism
382. Term: build-up of weapons/army during peacetime
A. Militarism
383. Term: the building of empires
A. Imperialism
384. Term: mutual protection agreements ‘tween countries

  1. Alliances

385. What was the spark that ignited WWI?

  1. Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

386. What is WWI aka?
        A. The Great War

387. List the 5 causes of the Great War

  1. 1) Militarism 2) Alliances 3) Nationalism 4) Imperialism

     5) Assassination of Ferdinand
388. Term: A large/ small area b/w armies: WWI

  1. No Man’s Land

389. List 3 causes for U.S. entry into WWI

  1. 1) Unrestricted submarine warfare 2) Zimmerman Note 3) propaganda

390. Term: truce to end war
A. Armistice
391. WWI President?
        A. Woodrow Wilson
392. Event: large-scale movement north during WWI
A. Great Migration
393. Term: blowing ships up w/o warning
A. Unrestricted submarine warfare
394. Term: German submarine

  1. U-boat

395. Triple Entente aka __________ Triple Alliance aka ____________

  1. Allies; Central Powers

396. U.S. foreign policy pre WWI? Pre WWII?
        A. Isolationism; Neutral, isolationism
397. Term: U.S. policy of staying away from world problems
A. Isolationism
398. Which war? U.S.S Maine?  HMS Lusitania

        A. Span-Am War; WWI

399. What ended Reconstruction? Who?

  1. Compromise of 1877; Hayes

400. President during WWI?

  1. Woodrow Wilson: WWI!

Administer Test 10

401. Besides steel, what makes skyscrapers possible?

  1. Otis elevator

402. Court case: states CAN regulate Big Business fees to farmers

  1. Munn vs. Illinois

403. List 3 tycoons

  1. Answers vary, but concentrate on Vanderbilt, Rockefeller, Carnegie

404. List 3 muckrakers

  1. Answers vary, but Riis, Sinclair, Tarbell, Wells are good

405. Wilson’s plan for peace: WWI?

  1. Fourteen Points

406. Treaty: ends WWI

  1. Treaty of Versailles

407. Why did Russia ‘leave’ the war in 1917?

  1. Bolshevik/Communist Revolution 

408. When did the Great War end?

  1. 1919

409. Wilson’s international peace group?

  1. League of Nations

410. Did the U.S. belong to the League?

  1. No, Senate rejected Treaty of Versailles

411. Court case: “clear and present danger”

  1. Schenck vs. U.S.

412. Term: an agreement amongst nations or people
        A. ‘Pact’ or ‘compact’
413. Which pact outlawed war?
A. Kellogg-Briand Pact
414. Term: U.S. mass hysteria about communism: 1920s? 1950s?
A. The Red Scare; 2nd Red Scare
415. Who raided U.S. communist headquarters w/o search warrant?
A. Attorney General Palmer
416. What are these raids called?

  1. Palmer Raids

417. Why would U.S. allow him to raid w/o warrant?
        A. Scared of communism
418. Term: ‘new woman’ of the ‘20s.
A. Flapper
419. Era: pre-Civil War: 1840-1861/ post-Civil War: 1865-1877
A. Antebellum; Reconstruction
420: “You shall NOT crucify mankind on a cross of gold!”  See Next Slide

  1. Cross of Gold; Bryan

421. What limited warships being built: post WWI?

  1. Washington Naval Conference

422. Which President? ‘Return to Normalcy’

  1. Harding

423.  Term: paying things in partial payments
A. Installment buying
424.  Group: tried to free themselves of the old ways, 1920s
A. Flappers
425. Which music form has roots in the black community?
A. Jazz
426. 1920s period of cultural excitement?
    A. Harlem Renaissance
427. 1st and 2nd Amendments? 

R.A.P.P.S; right to bear arms

428. Who was arrested teaching evolution?

  1. John Scopes

429. What did the 1920s come to symbolize?
        A. Rural vs. urban, modern vs. traditional
430. Easy way to remember the 13, 14, & 15 Amendments?
431. Term: a philosophy that emphasized nature and personal emotion
A. Transcendentalism
432. Who? Famous for using the Spoils System
        A. Jackson
433. Who took blame for starting WWI?
        A. Germany
434. What? Making Cuba protectorate of the U.S.?

  1. Platt Amendment

435. Highest tariff in U.S. history?

  1. Hawley-Smoot Tariff

436. Causes of the Great Crash of ’29?

  1. Buying on margin, no regulation, speculation

437. WWI: which country declared war first? 
        A. Austria-Hungary
438. Causes of the Great Depression?

  1. Easy credit, overproduction, no regulation

439. Who was blamed for the Great Depression?

  1. Pres. Hoover

440. The day the stock market crashed is known as _____________

  1. Black Tuesday

Administer Test 11

441. Term: borrowing $$ to buy stock

  1. Buying on Margin

442. Nickname for shantytowns of the Depression?

  1. Hoovervilles

443. How did some Americans get food during the Depression?

  1. Bread lines and soup kitchens

444. Event: severe drought in mid-west during Depression

  1. Dust Bowl

445. Gertrude Stein’s nickname for Fitzgerald/Hemingway and others

  1. “Lost Generation”

446. What was the ‘Lost Generation?’

  1. Writers who reflected loss and despair after WWI 

447. Who? Hero, first transatlantic non-stop plane trip

  1. Charles Lindbergh

448. 18th Amendment’s nickname?

  1. Prohibition


449. Era: bootleggers, speakeasies, and gangsters

  1. Prohibition

450. Oct. 29, 1929?
    A. Great Crash
451. List the Central Powers/WWI
A. Germany, Turkey, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria
452. List the Allies/WWI
A.  Russia, Great Britain, France
453. What happened to Russia during WWI?

  1. Communist Revolution

454. Group: intimidates minorities, immigrants, non-Christians/1920s

  1. KKK

455. What did the 1924 Native-American Suffrage Act do?

  1. Gave AM. Indians citizenship and voting rights

456. President: created the New Deal to get out of Depression
        A. FD Roosevelt
457. Program to lessen the effects of the Great Depression?

  1. The New Deal

458. Taft:  “Give $ to Latin America!”

  1. Dollar diplomacy

459. FDR: “Let S. America take care of its own problems!”

  1. Good Neighbor Policy

460. Who said, “The business of America is business!”

A. Calvin Coolidge

461. Giving to an aggressor?
A. Appeasement
462. Which event ended the Great Depression?
463. Did the New Deal end the Great Depression?
        A. NO!
464. List the U.S. wars in order (11 lines)
1. American Revolution
2. War of 1812
3. Mexican–American War 1846
4. Civil War 1861
5. Spanish-American war 1898
6. WWI 1917
7. WWII 1941
8. Korean War 1950
9. Vietnam War 1960s
10. Persian Gulf War 1991
11. G-WOT 2001
465. Dictator of Italy? Germany? Japan?

  1. Mussolini; Hitler; Tojo

466. Term: German for lighting war?

  1. Blitzkrieg

467. When was the attack on Pearl Harbor?

December 7, 1941

468.  Term: death of Jews during WW1?


469. Where?  Jews were sent in Europe during WWII?
A. Concentration camps
470. Where? Japanese-Americans were sent during WWII?

Internment Camps 

471. She was the 1st female cabinet member 1930

A. Francis ‘Perky’ Perkins          

472. Which war?
1. Impressment?                            A. War of 1812
2. Sinking of the Maine?                 A. Sp-American
3. Sinking of the Lusitania                      A. WWI
4. Texas is free!                           A. War for Texas Independence
5. Boundary: Rio Grande                 A. Mexican War
6. Unrestricted submarine warfare           A. WWI
7. Trench Warfare                         A.WWI
8. Teddy Roosevelt                        A. Sp-American War
9. Franklin Roosevelt                             A. WWII
10. Abe Lincoln                                     A. Civil War
11. James Madison                         A. War of 1812
12. Burning of Washington                      A. War of 1812
13. Siege of Vicksburg                   A. Civil War
14. Freedom of the seas                 A. War of 1812 and WWI
473. Chamberlain believed in ___________ which led to the rise of Hitler’s
A. Appeasement
474. Why did totalitarian rulers emerge in the 20’s/30’s?
A. Extreme poverty and weak government, terms of WWI treaty
475. Who? Axis powers_______, ______, and ______
A. Germany, Italy, and Japan
476.Who? WWII Allies  ______, ______, and ______

  1. Britain, U.S., and Soviet Union

477. U.S. government, expand or shrink during the 1930’s?

  1. Expand

478. Early women’s rights advocates?
A. Stanton and Mott
479. Later women’s voting rights advocates

  1. Anthony and Catt


480. Which President is associated with . . .
1. Tariff of Abominations                A. Jackson
2. Hawley-Smoot Tariff                  A. Hoover
3. Tenure of Office Act                  A. Johnson
4. Worcester vs. GA                              A. Jackson
5. Burning of Washington                A. Madison
6. Pendleton Act                            A. Garfield
7. T.V.A.                                             A.  F.D.R
8. Embargo Act                                     A. Jefferson
9. The Jungle                                A. T. Roosevelt
10. Treaty of Versailles                 A. Wilson
11. The Square Deal                              A. T. Roosevelt
12. The New Deal                          A.  F.D.R
13. Open Panama Canal                   A. T. Roosevelt

Administer Test 12

481. What was the Manhattan Project?
A. Secret program for atom bomb development
482. Atom Bomb aka _______ or ______
A. Nuclear bomb/A-bomb
483. Which countries were defeated at the . . .
1. Battle of the Bulge?                A. Germany
2. Battle of Coral Sea?                       A. Germany
3. Battle of Midway?                  A. Japan
4. Battle of Stalingrad?                       A. Japan
484. Who was on trial after WWII at Nuremburg, Germany?
A. High ranking Nazis for ‘crimes against humanity’
485. Codename for invasion of France? Nickname?
A. Operation Overlord; D-Day
486. Air war over England?
        A. Battle of Britain 
487. 24th amendment
A. Poll tax abolished
488. Nationalism or Sectionalism?
1. Putting regional issues over national issues.          A. Sectionalism
2. Internal improvements                                A. Nationalism
3. Monroe Doctrine                                       A. Nationalism
4. Tariff of Abominations                               A.  Sectionalism
5. John Marshall’s judicial decisions                 A. Nationalism
6. Putting national issues over sectional issues.         A. Nationalism
7. Hartford convention                                   A. Sectionalism
8. Embargo of 1807                                       A. Sectionalism
489. U.S. Aid program to help Western Europe: post WWII

  1. Marshall Plan

490. W. Europe: military alliance: post WWII
491. Communist military alliance: post WWII

  1. Warsaw Pact

492. WWII plan: take back Pacific islands one at a time

  1. Island hopping

493. Civil War plan: blockade S. ports; control Miss. R, total war?

  1. Anaconda Plan

494. Who? Warned of ‘iron curtain’ in Europe

  1. Churchill

495. Term: drought in U.S.: 1930’s?
A. Dust Bowl
496. Which treaty?
1. 14 Points?                                A. Treaty of Versailles
2. U.S. to Mississippi R?                 A. Treaty of Paris
3. “Our good name” War of 1812             A. Treaty of Ghent
4. “Right of deposit”                              A.  Pinckney’s Treaty
5. Border with Mexico settled          A. Guadalupe-Hidalgo
6. American Indians give Ohio River V.     A. Treaty of Greenville
497. Which wars? ‘Cash and carry;’ Lend-Lease Act
        A. WWI; WWII
498. What are the turning point battles of the Civil War?
A. East: Gettysburg, West: Vicksburg
499. What are the turning point battles of WWI?
A. 1) El Alamein
2) Stalingrad
3) Bulge
4) Battle of Coral Sea
5) Battle of Midway
500. President during Korean War?
A. Truman
501. Who? Hysterical communist hater
A. McCarthy
502. Term: less tension between U.S. & U.S.S.R
        A. Detente
503. Group: witch-hunt to get suspected commies!
        A. HUAAC
504. Who? They were executed for treason
A. E & J Rosenberg 
505. When did China become communist?
A. 1949
506. When did the Korean War start? End?

  1. 1950; “1952”

507. List the Civil War Amendments
A. 13, 14, 15
508. List the Progressive Amendments
A. 16, 17, 18. 19
509. Maine is created “free” compromise?
A. Missouri Compromise 1820
510. California is “free” compromise?

  1. Compromise of 1850

511. List 3 ways Americans protested against a segregated south?

  1. Sit-ins, freedom rides, marches

512. T-Chart: Dr. King and Malcolm X


Dr. King

Malcolm X


Peaceful protest

Violence justified



Separation by choice




End of life?



513. Who organized the Montgomery Bus Boycott?

  1. Dr. King

514. Act: Let people decide the question of slavery
-Kansas Nebraska; Popular Sovereignty
515. Amendment? Poll tax abolished
        A. 24th
516. Who is the Great Compromiser/American System creator?
A. Clay
517. Which event triggered the space race?
A. Launching of Sputnik
518. Who were the 1st political candidates on T.V.?
A. Nixon and JFK
519. Term: growth of the cities/ Growth of the suburbs
A. Urbanization/suburbanization
520. Who developed the Interstate Highway System?

  1. Eisenhower

       Administer Test 13

521. Group: desegregated Little Rock High School

  1. Little Rock Nine”

522. Court case: separate, but equal is illegal

  1. Brown vs. BOE, Topeka, Kansas

523. 1st suburb in U.S.? Where?
A. Levittown; Long Island, N.Y.
524. This is a financial plan to bailout war–torn Europe, 1945
A. Marshall Plan
525. Keep communism out of Greece and Turkey!
        A. Truman Doctrine
526. How do Friedan, N.O.W., Steinem and E.R.A connect?
        A. Women’s Liberation Movement
527.  President that escalated the Vietnam War?

  1. L. Johnson

528. All things about the United Nations . . .

    1. Main goal of U.N.? A. World Peace

b. List the 5 permanent members of the Security Council?
A. U.S.A., Great Britain, France, China, and U.S.S.R
               c. Which ‘body’ carries all member nations of the U.N.?
A. General Assembly
d. Which ‘body’ really has the ‘power’ of the U.N.?
                       A. Security Council
               e. Title: leader of the U.N.

  1. Secretary General

f. 1st UN force used
         A. Korean War
529. Using physical power to do a job is _____________ collar.
        Using “thinking” to do a job is ______ ___________ collar. 

  1. Blue; white

530. When did the federal government start to clean-up air/water in U.S.?
        A. 1970s
531. What laws did the Feds pass to protect water and air?
         A. Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act
532. Who? Cuba’s communist dictator
A. Fidel Castro
533. Churchill’s description of the separation b/w W/E Europe?
A. Iron Curtain
534. Term: conflict b/w U.S./U.S.S.R.
A. The Cold War
535. 20th Amendment is called the _______________________ Amendment
        A. Lame Duck
536. All things Vietnam . . .
        a. Reasons for involvement?        
        A. Containment; Domino Theory
        b. Pro-communist Vietnamese?    
        A. Vietcong
        c. Leader of communists in Vietnam?
        A. Ho Chi Minh
        d. Hawks/Doves?
        A. Pro/Anti war
        e. Who escalated the war?
        A. L. Johnson


        f. Gave away power to President? Took away that power?
        A. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution/ War Powers Act
        g. Turning point?
A. Tet Offensive
537. Who was the 1st Secretary of State? Treasury?
A. Jefferson; Hamilton
538. Term: writers who expose corruption in society
A. Muckrakers
539. The National Defense Education Act was passed because of?

  • Soviets launch Sputnik

540. Agency: Glenn, Armstrong, Apollo, lunar landing?
        A. NASA
541. Antebellum region? Hurt by tariffs
         A. South
542. 2 Presidents dead-set against a national bank?
A. Jefferson and Jackson
543. U.S./Western Europe military alliance?
544. Amendments!  Create Chart! 










Income tax


Direct election of Senators




Women’s suffrage


Repeal 18


Poll tax abolished


Pres. Succession


18 yrs old vote

545. New Deal program: pensions for elderly
546. Regulation of Stock Market
547. This agency deals with fair
548. Alliance between U.S. and democratic nations in Asia
549. This group looks out for minority rights.
550. Analogy: Berlin Wall is a real wall as the ________________ is symbolic
A. Iron Curtain

551. U.S. Cold War military alliance?  Peacekeeping group?
A. N.A.T.O./ U.N.
552. Who? Peace Corps, Alliance for Progress, and New Frontier?
        A. Kennedy
553. Who? Medicare, HUD, Head Start, and Great Society?
        A. L. Johnson
554. President resigns because of Watergate?
        A. Nixon
555. Presidents impeached by House?
        A. A. Johnson/ B. Clinton (not convicted)
556. Court case: release the tapes!     
        A. Nixon vs. U.S.
557. Term: tax on imports
    A. Tariff
558. President: Camp David Accords?
        A. Carter
559. Term: refusal to sell goods
        A. Embargo
560. Term: refusal to buy goods
        A. Boycott

      Administer Test 14

561. Radical abolitionist: “I will be heard!”
A. Garrison
562. T/F: Lincoln was an abolitionist
A. False
563. 1st to suggest a national bank?
A. Hamilton
564. Reagan’s bluff: fall of U.S.S.R?
        A. SDI /Star Wars
565. List 2 reasons U.S. got involved in Vietnam
A. Containment; Domino Theory
566. The difference between truth and lies in the Johnson Administration
        is considered a __________ _______.
    A. Credibility gap
567. What was the symbolic end of the Cold War?
A. Fall of Berlin Wall
568. Court case: a women’s right to choose
A. Roe vs. Wade
569. Era: early 19th century writers?
A. Romantic
570. Nickname: writers experienced the Great War
A. Lost Generation

571. Which crisis created high inflation in the 1970’s?
A. Energy Crisis
572. Why was there a crisis in the 1st place?
A. U.S. backs Israel, OPEC embargo
573. Term: tax cuts/deregulation = more money!
A. Trickle-Down
574. Term: free trade between U.S., Canada, Mexico
575. Term: attempt to compensate for institutional racism.
A. Affirmative action
576. Andrew Carnegie is to steel as Gates is ___________________
        A. Computers
577. What type of economy has replaced manufacturing?
A. Service Economy
578. Event: arms for hostages
        A. Iran-Contra Affair
579. These people support balanced budget and social programs
A. New Democrats
580. Begin, Sadat, and Carter
        a. Camp David Accords
581. 4 students killed at protest rally, press calls it a “massacre”
A. Kent State Massacre
582. Caesar Chavez helped the migrant ___________ _________________.
        A. Farm worker
583. This 1948 UN mandate has caused many problems in the Mideast.
A. Creation of Israel
584. Monroe Doctrine?
A. Europe, stay out of America!
585. Truman Doctrine?
A. U.S. helps any nation under the threat of communism
586. What are the 3 R’s of the Great Depression?
A. Relief, Recovery, Reform
587. Who? Four Freedoms speech
        A. FDR
588. What are the 4 freedoms?
A.  Speech, religion, from want and fear
589. Late 1800s: free trade in China
A. Open Door policy
590. Pacific commander: WWII? 2nd Red Scare ‘leader?’
A. General Macarthur; Joseph McCarthy
591. Carter’s downfall, 444-day hostage crisis in Iran
        A. Iranian Hostage Crisis
592.  Court case: mandatory school busing
        A. Swann vs. Charlotte-Mecklenburg

593. When? Red Scare 1/Red Scare 2
A. 1920’s/1950’s
594. Who promoted the Alien and Sedition Acts?
A. Adams
595. Who said, “Millions for defense, not one cent in tribute”?
A. Adams
596. Who said, “Peace with honor”?
A. Nixon
597. Who said, “Peace without victory”?
A. Wilson
598. Event: nuclear accident in NY
        A. Three Mile Island 
599. Fed law: land given to build agricultural colleges -1862
A. Morrill Land Grant
600. Fed law: give settlers 160 acres of land to farm
A. Homestead Act

Administer Test 15

601. Who died at the Battle of Little Big Horn?
A. Gen. Custer
602. Cause: buffalo herds are destroyed, effect?
A. Effect: Indian life destroyed
603. Which invention ended the “open plains?”
A. Barbed wire
604. Who? Nominated by Democrats and Populists, 1896: he lost!
A.  Williams Jennings Bryan
605. What is Détente?
        A. Reduced tensions between U.S.A. and U.S.S.R: 1970s
606. Who used detente?
        A. Nixon
607. The “Trickle-down” President?
        A. Reagan
608. Who? Whip Inflation NOW! (WIN)
        A. Ford
609. The ‘Conservation’ President?
A. T. Roosevelt
610.  Precedent-setting President?
A. Washington
611. “Reagonomics” is aka ____________________________ economics
        A. Supply-side
612. Court case: flag burning is ok!
        A. Texas vs. Johnson
613. First woman Supreme Court justice?
         A. Sandra Day O’Connor
614. First woman cabinet member?

        A. Francis Perkins

615. Which war? Agent Orange and Napalm
        A. Vietnam
616. Where? Dr. King’s “I have a dream.”

  • WA, DC

617. Treaty: limits nuclear weapons U.S./U.S.S.R

  • S.A.L.T I

618. Turning points: Civil War? Vietnam?

  • Gettysburg/Vicksburg  Tet Offensive

619. Isms: 2nd Red Scare? Taking lands overseas?

  • McCarthyism; imperialism

620. Events: Kennedy looks weak?  Kennedy looks strong?

  • Bay of Pigs/Cuban Missile Crisis

621. U.N. police action, 1950?

  • Korean War

622. UN mandate: homeland for Jews after WWII?

  • Israel

623. Cause: Berlin Blockade, Effect?
        A. Berlin Airlift
624. Muckraker against Standard Oil Company?
A. Tarbell
625. She was a conductor on the Underground RR
A. Tubman
626. Who? Forgive the South! Punish the South!

  • Lincoln, Johnson; Radical Republicans

627. Term: symbolic division between east/west Europe

  • Iron Curtain

628. Symbol of the workingwoman: WWII

  • Rosie the Riveter

629. VE/VJ Days?

  • Victory over Europe and Japan Day

630. Where? Japan attacks U.S.A

  • Pearl Harbor, HI

631. Dictator of U.S.S.R. during WWII?

  • Stalin

632. Pact: U.S.S.R/Germany will not attack each other!

  • Non-aggression Pact

633. Pact: Germany promises NOT to annex any more land!

  • Munich Pact

634. Court case: sugar anti-Trust
        A. E.C. Knight vs. U.S.
635. Court case: overturned Munn vs. Illinois
        A. Wabash vs. Illinois

636. Court case: Pentagon Papers
        A. New York Times vs. U.S.
638. “Once a slave, always a slave” court case?
        A. Dred Scott vs. Sanford
638. “Clear and present danger” court case?
        A. Schenck vs. U.S.
639. Who? Built the Panama Canal?
        A. T. Roosevelt
640. Who? Gave Panama Canal back?
        A. Carter


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