Esame pet inglese
Esame pet inglese
Le informazioni di medicina e salute contenute nel sito sono di natura generale ed a scopo puramente divulgativo e per questo motivo non possono sostituire in alcun caso il consiglio di un medico (ovvero un soggetto abilitato legalmente alla professione).
Esame pet inglese
P E T Language Specifications
Inventory of Functions, Notions and Comunicative Tasks
- Greeting people and respond to greetings (in person and on the phone)
- Introducing oneself and other people
- Asking for and giving personal details: full name, age, address, names of relatives and friends, occupation etc.
- Understanding and completing forms giving personal details
- Understanding and writing letters, giving personal details
- Describing education, qualification and skills
- Describing people (personal appearance, qualities)
- Asking and answering questions about personal possessions
- Asking for repetition and clarification
- Re-stating what has been said
- Checking on meaning and intention
- Helping others to express their ideas
- Interrupting a conversation
- Starting a new topic
- Changing the topic
- Resuming or continuing the topic
- Asking for and giving information about routines and habits
- Understanding and writing diaries and letters giving information about every day activities
- Talking about what people are doing at the moment
- Talking about past events and states in the past, recent activities and completed actions
- Understanding and producing simple narratives
- Reporting what people say
- Talking about future and imaginary situations
- Talking about future plans and intentions
- Making predictions
- Identifying and describing accommodation (houses, flats, rooms, furniture…)
- Buying and selling things (costs, measurements and amounts)
- Talking about food and ordering meals
- Talking about the weather
- Talking about one’s health
- Following and giving simple instructions
- Understanding simple signs and notices
- Asking the way and giving directions
- Asking for and giving travel information
- Asking for and giving simple information about place4s
- Identifying and describing simple objects (shape, size, weight, colour, purpose or use…)
- Making comparisons and expressing degrees of difference
- Talking about how to operate things
- Describing simple processes
- Expressing purpose, cause and result, and giving reasons
- Drawing simple conclusions and making recommendations
- Making and granting/refusing simple requests
- Making and responding to offers and suggestions
- Expressing and responding to thanks
- Giving and responding to invitations
- Giving advice
- Giving warnings and prohibitions
- Persuading and asking/telling people to do something
- Expressing obligation and lack of obligation
- Asking and giving/refusing permission to do something
- Making and responding to apologies and excuses
- Expressing agreement and disagreement, and contradicting people
- Paying compliments
- Criticising and complaining
- Expressing preferences, likes and dislikes about hobbies and leisure activities
- Talking about physical and emotional feelings
- Expressing opinions and making choices
- Expressing needs and wants
- Expressing (in)ability in the present and in the past
- Talking about (im)probability and (im)possibility
- Expressing degrees of certainty and doubt.
Inventory of Grammatical Areas
VERBS: regular and irregular forms
Can (ability, requests, permission)
Could (ability, possibility, polite requests)
Would (polite requests)
Shall (suggestion, offer)
May, Might (possibility)
Have to (obligation)
Ought to (obligation)
Needn’t (lack of necessity)
Used to + infinitive (past habits)
Present simple: states, habits, systems and processes (and verbs not used in the continuous form)
Present continuous: future plans and activities, present actions.
Present perfect simple: recent past with just, indefinite past with yet, already, never, ever; unfinished past with since and for.
Past simple: past events
Past continuous: parallel past actions, continuous actions interrupted by the past simple tense.
Past perfect simple: Narrative, reported speech
Future with going to.
Future with present continuous and present simple
Future with will and shall: offers, promises, predictions..
Affirmative, interrogative, negative
Infinitives (with and without to) after verbs and adjectives
Gerund (-ing form) after verbs and prepositions
Gerunds as subjects and objects
Passive forms: present and past simple
Verb + object + infinitive give/take/send/bring/show + direct/indirect object
So / nor with auxiliaries
Compound Verb Pattern
Phrasal verbs/verbs with prepositions
Type 0: an iron bar expands if/when you heat it
Type 1: if you do that again, I’ll leave
Type 2: I would tell you the answer if I knew it.
If I were you, I wouldn’t do that again
Simple Reported Speech
Statements, questions and commands: say, ask, tell.
He said that he felt ill.
I asked her if I could leave.
No one told me what to do.
Indirect and embedded questions: know, wonder
Do you know what he said?
I wondered what he would do next
What, What + noun
Who, Whose, Which
How, How much, How many, How often, How long..
Singular and plural ( regular and irregular forms)
Countable and uncountable nouns with some and any
Complex noun phrases
Genitive :’s & s’
Double Genitive : a friend of theirs
Personal (subject, object, possessive)
Reflexive and emphatic: myself….
Impersonal: it, there
Demonstrative: this, that, These, Those
Quantitative: one, something, everybody..
Indefinite: some, any, something, one….
Relative: who, which, that, whom, whose…
A + countable nouns
The + countable / uncountable nouns
Colour, size, shape, quality, nationality
Predicative and attributive
Cardinal and ordinal numbers
Possessive: my, your, his, her….
Demonstrative: this, that, these, those
Quantitative: some, any, many, much, a few, a lot of, all, other, every….
Comparative and superlative forms (regular and irregular): (not) as…as, not…enough to, too…to
Order of adjectives
Participles as adjectives
Regular and irregular forms
Manner: quickly, carefully…
Frequency: often, never, twice a day…
Definite time: now, last week..
Indefinite time: already, just, yet..
Degree: very, too, rather…
Place: here, there….
Direction: left, right, along…
Sequence: first, next..
Sentence adverbs: too, either..
Pre-verbal, post-verbal and end-position adverbs
Comparative and superlative forms (regular and irregular)
Location: to, on, inside, next to, at…
Time: at, on, in, during…
Direction: to, into, out of, from…
Instrument: by, with
Miscellaneous: Like, as, due to, owing to,..
Prepositional phrases: at the beginning of, by means of…
Prepositions preceding nouns and adjectives: by car, for sale, at last…
Prepositions following nouns and adjectives: advice on, afraid of…
Verbs: laugh at, ask for…..
And, but, or, either….or
When, while, until, before, after, as soon as, where
Because, since, as, for
So that, in order to
So, so…that, such…that
Clothes, daily life, Education, entertainment, food and drink, free time, health, medicine and exercise, hobbies and leisure, house and home, language, people, personal feelings, opinions and experiences, personal identification, places and buildings, relations with other people, transport, services, shopping, social interaction, sport, the natural world, travel and holidays, weather, work and jobs.
The PET examination includes items which normally occur in everyday vocabulary of native-speakers of English today.
Candidates should know the lexis appropriate to their personal requirements, for example, nationalities, hobbies, likes and dislikes.
Autore del testo: non indicato nel documento di origine
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Esame pet inglese
Esame pet inglese