Esame pet inglese

 

 


 

Esame pet inglese

 

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Esame pet inglese

 

Esame pet inglese

 

P E T  Language Specifications

 

Inventory of Functions, Notions and Comunicative Tasks

 

  • Greeting people and respond to greetings (in person and on the phone)
  • Introducing oneself and other people
  • Asking for and giving personal details: full name, age, address, names of relatives and friends, occupation etc.
  • Understanding and completing forms giving personal details
  • Understanding and writing letters, giving personal details
  • Describing education, qualification and skills
  • Describing people (personal appearance, qualities)
  • Asking and answering questions about personal possessions
  • Asking for repetition and clarification
  • Re-stating what has been said
  • Checking on meaning and intention
  • Helping others to express their ideas
  • Interrupting a conversation
  • Starting a new topic
  • Changing the topic
  • Resuming or continuing the topic
  • Asking for and giving information about routines and habits
  • Understanding and writing diaries and letters giving information about every day activities
  • Talking about what people are doing at the moment
  • Talking about past events and states in the past, recent activities and completed actions
  • Understanding and producing simple narratives
  • Reporting what people say
  • Talking about future and imaginary situations
  • Talking about future plans and intentions
  • Making predictions
  • Identifying and describing accommodation (houses, flats, rooms, furniture…)
  • Buying and selling things (costs, measurements and amounts)
  • Talking about food and ordering meals
  • Talking about the weather
  • Talking about one’s health
  • Following and giving simple instructions
  • Understanding simple signs and notices
  • Asking the way and giving directions
  • Asking for and giving travel information
  • Asking for and giving simple information about place4s
  • Identifying and describing simple objects (shape, size, weight, colour, purpose or use…)
  • Making comparisons and expressing degrees of difference
  • Talking about how to operate things
  • Describing simple processes
  • Expressing purpose, cause and result, and giving reasons
  • Drawing simple conclusions and making recommendations
  • Making and granting/refusing simple requests
  • Making and responding to offers and suggestions
  • Expressing and responding to thanks
  • Giving and responding to invitations
  • Giving advice
  • Giving warnings and prohibitions
  • Persuading and asking/telling people to do something
  • Expressing obligation and lack of obligation
  • Asking and giving/refusing permission to do something
  • Making and responding to apologies and excuses
  • Expressing agreement and disagreement, and contradicting  people
  • Paying compliments
  • Criticising and complaining
  • Sympathising
  • Expressing preferences, likes and dislikes about hobbies and leisure activities
  • Talking about physical and emotional feelings
  • Expressing opinions and making choices
  • Expressing needs and wants
  • Expressing (in)ability in the present and in the past
  • Talking about (im)probability and (im)possibility
  • Expressing degrees of certainty and doubt.

 

 

Inventory of Grammatical Areas

 

VERBS: regular and irregular forms

 

Modals

Can (ability, requests, permission)

Could (ability, possibility, polite requests)

Would (polite requests)

Will (offer)

Shall (suggestion, offer)

Should (advice)

May, Might (possibility)

Have to (obligation)

Ought to (obligation)

Must (obligation)

Mustn’t (obligation)

Need (necessity)

Needn’t (lack of necessity)

Used to + infinitive (past habits)

 

Tenses

Present simple: states, habits, systems and processes (and verbs not used in the continuous form)

Present continuous: future plans and activities, present actions.

Present perfect simple: recent past with just, indefinite past with yet, already, never, ever; unfinished past with since and for.

Past simple: past events

Past continuous: parallel past actions, continuous actions interrupted by the past simple tense.

Past perfect simple: Narrative, reported speech

Future with going to.

Future with present continuous and present simple

Future with will and shall: offers, promises, predictions..

Verb Forms

Affirmative, interrogative, negative

Imperatives

Infinitives (with and without to) after verbs and adjectives

Gerund (-ing form) after verbs and prepositions

Gerunds as subjects and objects

Passive forms: present and past simple

Verb + object + infinitive give/take/send/bring/show + direct/indirect object

Causative have/get

So / nor with auxiliaries

 

Compound Verb Pattern

Phrasal verbs/verbs with prepositions

 

Conditional sentences

Type 0: an iron bar expands if/when you heat it

Type 1: if you do that again, I’ll leave

Type 2: I would tell you the answer if I knew it.

              If I were you, I wouldn’t do that again

 

Simple Reported Speech

Statements, questions and commands: say, ask, tell.

He said that he felt ill.

I asked her if I could leave.

No one told me what to do.

Indirect and embedded questions:  know, wonder

Do you know what he said?

I wondered what he would do next

 

Interrogatives

What, What +  noun

Where, When

Who, Whose, Which

How, How much, How many, How often, How long..

Why

 

 

Nouns

Singular and plural ( regular and irregular forms)

Countable and uncountable nouns with some and any

Abstract nouns

Compound nouns

Complex noun phrases

Genitive :’s & s’

Double Genitive : a friend of theirs

 

Pronouns

Personal (subject, object, possessive)

Reflexive and emphatic: myself….

Impersonal: it, there

Demonstrative: this, that, These, Those

Quantitative: one, something, everybody..

Indefinite: some, any, something, one….

Relative: who, which, that, whom, whose…

 

Determiners

A + countable nouns

The + countable / uncountable nouns

 

Adjectives

Colour, size, shape, quality, nationality

Predicative and attributive

Cardinal and ordinal numbers

Possessive: my, your, his, her….

Demonstrative: this, that, these, those

Quantitative: some, any, many, much, a few, a lot of, all, other, every….

Comparative and superlative forms (regular and irregular): (not) as…as, not…enough to, too…to

Order  of adjectives

Participles as adjectives

Compound adjectives

 

Adverbs

Regular and irregular forms

Manner: quickly, carefully…

Frequency: often, never, twice a day…

Definite time: now, last week..

Indefinite time: already, just, yet..

Degree: very, too, rather…

Place: here, there….

Direction: left, right, along…

Sequence: first, next..

Sentence adverbs: too, either..

Pre-verbal, post-verbal and end-position  adverbs

Comparative and superlative forms (regular and irregular)

 

Prepositions

Location: to, on, inside, next to, at…

Time: at, on, in, during…

Direction: to, into, out of, from…

Instrument: by, with

Miscellaneous: Like, as, due to, owing to,..

Prepositional phrases: at the beginning of, by means of…

Prepositions preceding nouns and adjectives: by car, for sale, at last…

Prepositions following  nouns and adjectives: advice on, afraid of…

                                      Verbs: laugh at, ask for…..

 

Connectives

And, but, or, either….or

When, while, until, before, after, as soon as, where

Because, since, as, for

So that, in order to

So, so…that, such…that

If, unless

Although, while

 

TOPICS

 Clothes, daily life, Education, entertainment, food and drink, free time, health, medicine and exercise, hobbies and leisure, house and home, language, people, personal feelings, opinions and experiences, personal identification, places and buildings, relations with other people, transport, services, shopping, social interaction, sport, the natural world, travel and holidays, weather, work and jobs.

 

Lexis

The PET examination includes items which normally occur in everyday vocabulary of native-speakers of English today.

Candidates should know the lexis appropriate to their personal requirements, for example, nationalities, hobbies, likes and dislikes.

 

 

Fonte: http://www.caioplinio.it/PET_LanguageSpecifications.doc

Autore del testo: non indicato nel documento di origine

Parola chiave google : Esame pet inglese tipo file : doc

 

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Esame pet inglese

 


 

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